person plays an important role for the human being the main feature of personality.His face reflected not only the emotions but also the age and health status.Seeing the first person, we instinctively recognize and observe the three parts of the face - nose, eyes and chin.It is about chin will be discussed in this article - or rather, the second chin, which distorts the external features of the face, adds age and overall look unaesthetic.
Double chin is formed by fat and skin folds and is located under the edge of the lower jaw and may sag to the neck.His appearance is not always due to age-related changes and correction takes time, effort and considerable costs.A number of corrective procedures available for independent use, so try to get rid of double chin is possible without the need for costly treatments.
Causes double chin
- Hereditary predisposition. Specific features of metabolism and structure of the skin, slow the biosynthesis of proteins, which leads to the inhibition of collagen forma
- avilable mandible , hyoid bone and neck.Smooth the chin, lower hyoid bone is located and a short neck are also predisposed to sagging tissues.
- Violation posture against the background of the weakness of the muscular system of the back, or because of habit slouch low lowered head, sedentary work, etc.This creates a greater load on the elastin and collagen fibers, and those in turn, hold the smaller subcutaneous fat.
- Age-related decrease in skin elasticity face as a consequence of slowing down the natural regeneration and nutrition of the skin and tissues.More dry and loose easily sags under the force of gravity, and a decrease in muscle tone of the lower face even more supportive.Especially sad picture emerges when the weakness of subcutaneous cervical muscles, coupled with obesity - formed "turkey neck", which is not easy to eliminate.
- Obesity , sedentary lifestyle is almost always accompanied by the formation of fatty deposits in the neck and lower jaw.Moreover, the chin-neck area is the so-called "fat trap", iethe place where the fat is very easily put off and very difficult to leave.
- Fast weight loss .Education excess skin is not able to be reduced after the loss of body fat, sagging tissue appears under the forces of gravity.
- hormonal disorders .On the background of hormone imbalance can occur with fat redistribution of fat deposition in the chin area.For women, the critical periods are pregnancy and menopause.
- diseases of the endocrine system, such as hypo- and hyperthyroidism.The lack of thyroid hormones leads to obesity and fat storage in the "traps".Excess hormones characterized by increased thyroid gland, which is visually emerges through the skin with the formation of goiter.Second chin is characteristic of patients with diabetes, especially with the experience, when there is a significant excess body weight and severe pancreatic insufficiency.
If the same two or three reasons for the double chin, it is clear that the problem becomes even more serious.
How to remove a double chin
approach to the correction of the aesthetic problems are always individual and depends on the reasons that led to a cosmetic defect.The most common adjustment is a holistic approach and includes a number of ways, some of which will be used throughout life.
- lifestyle changes , which includes weight control and reduction in case of obesity, physical activity and adequate control of posture.Keep in mind that you can not lose weight dramatically sincethe problem will only grow worse.We need to abandon the high cushions, giving preference orthopedic models.
- Regular care of the neck and chin .One of the common mistakes many women who pay attention to the facial skin, the eyelids, but forget about the lower lying areas.The skin of the chin and neck also needs hydration, nutrition and toning.Doing a variety of masks, it should be remembered and chin area.
Effective exercises or how to remove the double chin at home
Facial exercises includes a number of special exercises designed to strengthen the muscular structures of the lower face and neck, improve blood circulation, tighten skin and improve its elasticity properties.Perform they should be every day for months, repeating in the future course 2-3 times a year to maintain the achieved effect.
Walking with the weight on the head
as weight, you can use the book, which should be worn on the head for 10 minutes every day, strictly observing the posture and the fact that the nose was too strung up.
should imagine that the goods are located on the chin.Mentally, this cargo should be raised slowly, threw back his head back, and also slowly return to starting position.Make 5-6 repetitions.
tongue hanging out, you should try to reach the tip of the nose, and then - to the highest possible lowest point on the chin.Repeat 10 times.Another effective exercise - drawing in the "eight" air tongue.Repeat 10 times.
in position with his head thrown back should try to pull the lower lip at the top, then lower lip as much as possible to pull down his chin.Repeat 10 times.
Exercises with fists
fists of both hands should prop up the bottom of the chin and try to lower his head down, thus preventing punched himself.Repeat 10 times.
necessary to maximally stretch the facial muscles and pronounce the sounds have to force, J.
pan and tilt head
Do tilts and turns the head in different directions, repeating several times.
exercises in the prone position
Lie on a flat surface and throw back his hands behind his head.Tear off his head from the surface tension and stress, look at your toes.the feeling that the body should be heavier.After 60 seconds to return to its original position.Repeat 10 times.
Samomassazh - easy, painless pat the back of his hand on the neck in the area of the lower jaw 5-10 times daily.tingling techniques also allowed.More suitable for the prophylaxis, but also the integrated use of good.
Whirlpool and contrast water procedures - A stream of water from the shower in the direct area of concern and produce motion from the center to the sides of the chin area.
After this massage is good to do contrasting lotions from salt water, alternately laying on the chin cloth soaked first in warm, then cold solution (final wash should be cold).
also as a base for lotions you can use an infusion of herbs (chamomile, mint, lime blossom, sage, parsley).Because the infusion can be made to produce ice and rubbing the skin with herbal cubes in the morning and evening.
mask All masks require regular application, at least 2 times a week.It is better to carry out the procedure for the night and stop treating her skin with ice cubes from herbal infusions.
- Yeast mask .1 tablespoondry yeast is diluted with warm milk to form a slurry, which is allowed to warm to 10-15 minutes, and then applied to the neck and lower face half an hour.
- Lemon mask .The juice of one lemon and 1 tbspsalt was added to 1 cup of warm water, stirred, soak in the solution and gauze is laid on the problem area for 15 minutes.The same solution can wet the elastic bandage and tie them to the chin, but not squeezing the tissue.
- Potato mask. from boiled potatoes to make mashed potatoes and dilute it with warm milk, add 1 tbsp compositionhoney in the form of heat applied to the skin of the neck and face for 10-20 minutes.
- mask from yeast dough .The easiest way to buy a ready-made dough at the store, wrap them neck and chin on the principle scarf and stand until it starts to harden (15-20 minutes).
They should be used in conjunction with other measures, to achieve a good result in the short term.Selection procedures are always individual and depends on the initial state of a person's skin, taking into account possible contraindications.
- Myostimulation - have an impact on the nerves by means of a special device and electrodes, which leads to the active reduction of muscle fibers, improves blood flow and metabolism, reduce the amount of adipose tissue and improving skin tone.Otherwise, the procedure is called a massage for the lazy, becausethe effect is similar to a conventional manual massage.
- Lifting - non-surgical facelift using special-biocomplexes compositions helps to tighten the skin and improve its condition, reduce the amount of adipose tissue.
- Mesotherapy - injecting in the area of the second chin drugs, resulting in tissue tightening.Primenyutsya vitamin cocktails and hyaluronic acid, collagen and elastin, carbon dioxide, as well as fat burners.
- photorejuvenation - impact on the chin high intensity luminous flux (from 400-500 nm to 1200 nm wavelength).Activated development neokollagena and elastin decreases gravitational ptosis and the amount of adipose tissue, toned muscles.
- Ozone - injection under the skin of the chin area of the ozone-oxygen mixture, which activates the metabolism in cells.The skin is tightened significantly and becomes more elastic.
- Ultrasonic cavitation - liquefaction of fat chin area, followed by excretion of fat decay products through the lymph and venous blood.
- RF lifting - lift the chin skin, subcutaneous fat lipolysis, and the stimulation of collagen and elastin when exposed to electromagnetic radiation in the range of 300 MHz, 4 kHz.
- Fractional laser - thermal effect, renders lifting effect (activation of collagen, elastin and new cell formation), ieoperating with the muscle and skin, but has no effect on body fat.
- Vacuum massage - active effect on the skin by a special device leads to a reduction of muscles, improve skin tone and destruction of subcutaneous fat.
- Hand massage - effective as a prevention and early sagging tissues.Manual exposure provides lymphatic drainage, toning and energizing effects.
- Cabin mask - the most effective masks - is algae, seaweed, salt, as well as a mask of cosmetic clay.These compounds are characterized in that they create compression, causing the muscles and skin to contract and blood to circulate more quickly, resulting in faster and metabolism, so - activates new cell growth.
surgical methods are radical measures, however, and one of the most effective in the advanced stages of the problem, allowing to remove a double chin in just a week.Selecting the correct method depends on the individual, the severity of the aesthetic problems and contraindications.After the intervention of a certain amount of time (from a few days to a few weeks), the patient must wear a special compression bandage.
should be understood that the neck and double chin - it is not the best area of the surgery.It takes a lot of nerve fibers and blood vessels, damage which is dangerous.If you can get by conservative methods, it is not necessary to go under the surgeon's knife, and risk their lives.
Minimally invasive correction technique, which allows to remove the excess fat from the problem area.The skin is made minirazrezy to 0.5 cm in diameter, so the scar does not remain after the intervention.Destroyed and removed the excess fat.Operation solves the problem of obesity chin area, but after carrying out required correction of weakened muscles and sagging skin.
Implantation in the neck muscles special threads made from a biodegradable material, which reinforce the weakened muscle and correct sagging tissue.Surgery is indicated in the bottom of the weakness of the muscle of the mouth.
methods of surgical correction of the chin, which lead to a reduction or an increase in its volume, are shown in the case of the anatomical features of the structure of the face and neck.Improved profile and proportions of the face, forming a beautiful circuit and adjusted the chin area by reallocating tissues.
When subjected to impact bone grafting bone itself, but incisions are made in the mouth, to leave no postoperative scars.The procedure can be combined with the removal of excess skin and fat.
less traumatic technique - is the implantation of silicone facial implants from biocompatible materials in the chin area, the size and shape of which is chosen individually.This operation also allows you to reduce or eliminate a double chin due to redistribution of tissue.
General contraindications for surgical correction of double chin
- blood diseases;
- Severe forms of hypertension;
- Diseases of the thyroid gland;
- Acute infectious diseases and aggravation of chronic pathologies;
- Age (generally not before 18-25 years);
- Pregnancy, lactation.
prevention of double chin
Prevention aesthetic problem stems from its causes.Those.maximum elimination of the reasons and factors that can lead to a change in an oval face, a healthy lifestyle and maintaining a normal weight will help prevent the formation of double chin.Do not forget about the regular care of the chin area, self-massage, hydrotherapy and home masks.