In today's world, where more and more problems associated with the environment, various dermatoses widespread.Often their symptoms do not look quite aesthetically pleasing, and that this is a problem person.
But it happens that the skin reaction is a symptom of a serious disease, in this case an urgent need to identify and "neutralize" the pathogen or eliminate the cause, start the mechanism of skin reaction.One of these problems is the skin peeling.
often cause of the condition is the lack of sebum (physiological feature), or thinning of the natural lipid layer of detergents (overreliance hygiene).Such scaling is not pathology is not transmitted to the other person, and the treatment is to adjust the skin care.But there are other cases ...
Dry skin may arise as a result of exposure to the allergen.As such agents may act:
- Food - chocolate, red fruits and vegetables, milk, eggs, almost any product can cause food allergies
- Means for laundry - stain removers, powders, air conditionin
- Cosmetics - Cream, powder, eye shadow, soap, shower gel, hair styling products and so on. (see. the list of harmful substances in cosmetics, creams).
- specimens of household chemicals - all cleaning products for dishes, sinks, toilets (see the effect of household chemicals on health, how to make a safe means of himself.)
- Metals - jewelery, buckles, rivets, buttons, zipper
- Insect bites (mosquitoes, gnats, bees)
may experience an allergic reaction of two kinds:
- contact dermatitis - this case, the reaction of the skin occurs after prolonged action of irritating substances (not immediately).At first blush the skin, itching and peeling (possibly with bubbling liquid).Later, the affected area of the body is covered with a dry crust.
- hives - in this case, the reaction occurs immediately after exposure to the allergen - instantly appears redness, swelling at the site of impact, a strong desire to scratch.
most common predisposition to allergies is determined at an early age, especially in children, whose relatives suffer from hypersensitivity to any substance.At an early age the most characteristic appearance of redness and flaking in the cheeks, buttocks, natural folds (see. Diathesis in a child).
skin peeling often occurs during the cold season.This is due not only to changes in the street (frost and high winds), but also the inclusion of heating devices in the room (radiators, air conditioners).During this period, significantly reduced humidity, and it has an effect on the skin.
Moisturizing creams are excellent means of reducing the water balance of the skin, but only if used correctly."Water buffer" They create on the surface of the skin.Under conditions of normal humidity cream binds moisture from the air and transfers it to the skin, but with a reduced moisture content in the environment, the reverse process: the water from the skin is released into the environment and the skin starts to peel off.It is necessary to take into account this feature when using moisturizing cosmetics.
Lack of vitamins
There are many vitamins and minerals, the lack of which may adversely affect the health of the skin and its appearance.Such materials are required at the minimum level, but their contribution to the metabolism of the whole body can not be overemphasized.When beriberi skin moisturizing cosmetics has no effect.The skin often peels on the face, the knees and elbows (with extensor side).The most common condition of the skin affected by the lack of the following vitamins:
- Vitamin A (with a deficiency of the deterioration of the condition of hair and nails, possible visual disturbances, especially at night).
- Vitamin K (with a deficiency have an increased bleeding, a long period of healing of minor skin lesions).
- Vitamin C (with a lack of wrinkles, the skin becomes pale hue, disturbed sleep, bleeding gums).
- Vitamins of group B: B2, B3, B7, B12 (if there is insufficient intake of sleep disorders, hair loss, bleeding gums, fatigue, dandruff, depression, nervousness).
- Vitamin E (a lack appears premature appearance of wrinkles, skin giperpigmentirovannostyu, a long period of healing of skin injuries).
Hypovitaminosis can be caused by malnutrition or disturbances in the assimilation of products (see vitamin tablets -. Dispels myths).But keep in mind that too much of some vitamins is also evident deterioration of the skin, hair and nails (see. Why exfoliate and crumbled nails).
Newborns skin peeling may be caused by a dysbiosis.At the same time a permanent shortage of weight baby may occur, weight loss, pale skin, a tummy problems (frequent regurgitation, flatulence, violations of the chair).In adults with skin problems can also be associated with impaired intestinal activity.Often patients complain of metal taste in the mouth, alternating constipation and diarrhea, an insatiable urge to eat, rumbling in the abdomen, bloating, abdominal distension, dry mucous membranes, headaches (see. Dysbiosis symptoms).
Lack of bacteria in the gut leads to disturbances in the process of metabolizing food.Even with the full diet (sufficient supply of nutrients, vitamins and trace elements, the optimal ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates) the person is not able to absorb them effectively, increases the likelihood of developing deficiency diseases (see. How to treat goiter).
In humans, the amount of estrogen directly affects the condition of the skin.This hormone controls the production of sebum, which is a natural moisturizer for the skin.Changes in estrogen can be observed in diseases of the endocrine system and the problems in the functioning of the following bodies:
- Adrenal (read about adrenal insufficiency) and other
Hormonal changes lie in wait for women in menopause (.about 50 years).At this time, there is a natural decrease in estrogen levels (not associated with endocrine diseases) that lead to skin aging, its fading, moisture loss and the appearance of dryness.The skin starts to peel off, the woman almost does not leave a feeling of tightness.
While infecting helminths (worms), in some cases, may cause skin reactions, including rash and desquamation.Along with such manifestations observed problems in bowel habits, fever, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, signs of intoxication (poisoning worms waste products).Some parasites are introduced into the human body through the skin in these areas often experience an allergic reaction.Some species are parasitic in the muscle tissue, which can also cause skin manifestations (see. Signs of worms in humans).
Acne (ciliary mite parasitism)
as habitat mites often chooses the human person, especially the eyelids, eyebrows, chin area, nasolabial triangle, the forehead or ear passages.In place of introduction noted the appearance of peeling (in the form of flakes or scabs), swelling, formation of swollen and reddened areas.
If the parasite takes up residence on the eyelids, then the person can feel the fatigue of eyes, loss of eyelashes local, difficulty opening the eyes in the morning (viscous liquid is formed, which prevents open the eyelids).When using cosmetics and skin cleansers, struck mite strongly itches and swells.If the affected eye itself (its mucosa), then there is its dryness, photophobia, protrusion of capillaries on the surface.
Among the causes of skin peeling may be listed diabetes.Suffice insidious disease in the initial stages and hidden within is manifested only in the form of itching, and dryness.Subsequently, there is dryness of the mouth and genitals.Often there is a thirst and frequent urination, often observed deterioration in mood, fatigue, weight violation (can be a sudden jump arrow weights up and down), and depression.
At a constant high concentration of glucose in the blood circulation of human body attempts to reduce its mostly by urinary excretion.For these purposes the lion's share of free fluid in the human body.That lack of moisture leads to dryness of the skin.
Cracked erythema (dry or eczema asteatoticheskaya)
disease has a chronic course, recurrences are found in the cold season.The most commonly observed severe peeling of the skin on the hands and feet, but it may result in disease throughout the body surface.
addition to peeling giving general dryness and redness of the skin, clear the selection of all physiological lines (skin of the figure) and the presence of cracked linear sections (eskoriatsy).Often the process is accompanied by inflammation, which gradually progresses (often with running cracked erythema observed oozing exudate and excretion).The affected areas of the body hurt (see. The symptoms and types of eczema).
scaly areas of the human body when ichthyosis resemble fish scales (are rectangular in shape), the disease itself is a pathology of the skin and keratinization inherited (manifested in early childhood).Often pigmented flakes (hyperkeratosis).The disease has several forms.
Ichthyosis vulgaris is the most common form, with the same frequency it affects people of different sexes.Manifested in the whole surface of the body except the flexor surfaces (the armpits, neck, groin, joint cavity, etc..).Most scales are marked on the elbows and knees (on the outside - extensor - surface) having different colors (from whitish to gray-black).The child has the disease hardly seen on the face of an adult may arise pockets of dryness and flaking on the forehead or cheeks.The hands and feet skin peeling mukovidnoe has a pronounced reticular pattern;nails rough, brittle and deformed;marked thinning hair and hair loss;teeth are highly susceptible to decay.In patients with ichthyosis appears a genetic predisposition to diseases of the eye (shortsightedness), recurrences are frequent conjunctivitis and retinitis.It can diagnose cardiovascular or liver failure.
Inherited only by men (on the X chromosome).The scales are shaped like shields in black and brown colors (reminiscent of the skin of a crocodile), are sufficiently dense structure.Often the disease is accompanied by a delay in the development of the child, in the formation of the skeleton disorders, cataracts, epilepsy or hypogonadism (lack of testicular function).
disease begins its development in utero (in the 16-20 week of pregnancy).Newborn flakes can achieve centimeter in thickness, have a different shape, be completely smooth or slightly serrated skin deeply cracked between them.Infants present deformation of the mouth, the ears, eyelid skin and skeleton.On the fingers and toes may be a jumper, missing the nail plate.Most children are born dead or die within a few days after birth.
One form of congenital ichthyosis.The skin of a newborn has a bright red color (as in thermal burns) areas of feet and hands are covered with a thick layer of the epidermis white.The scales are rejected at the slightest touch, there may be bleeding in the mucous membranes and skin - these children do not live long.With the passage of time becomes less scaly areas, but occurs quite often relapses.In areas of natural skin folds to the 4-5 year life form thick scales with a dirty gray color.Later in children diagnosed disorders of the endocrine and nervous system (paralysis, mental retardation, polyneuropathy, infantilism, etc..).
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
Systemic autoimmune disease course (own immune system destroys normal cells of the body, decomposition products which cause the common intoxication and multiple internal injuries).Most often the disease affects women.
skin peeling noted not all patients with lupus erythematosus.The most common red papules (rash) appear on the nose and the cheeks (the shape of a butterfly), there may be the appearance of hyperemic dry patches on the trunk and arms.Often the symptoms appear in the genital area and nasal mucosa and mouth - there are multiple ulcers.Hair and nails of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus are subject to breakage, there are pockets of hair loss.
possible manifestations of the disease by:
- joints (there is their symmetric deformation increases pain).
- Blood (polymorphonuclear leukocytes are fragments of the nuclei from other cell anemia).
- Cardiovascular (endocarditis, pericarditis, myocarditis, vascular atherosclerosis)
- kidneys (nephritis, found in the urine and the blood protein that breaks down the outflow of fluid from the body, progressing edema).
- nervous system (seizures, psychosis, peresteziya, encephalopathy, cerebrovascular).
- gastrointestinal tract (violations of the chair).
patients can dramatically increase the body temperature, quickly stepping fatigue often happen headaches.
When the disease occurs both itching and flaking, the progression observed in autumn or spring months, when the body is weakened by seasonal colds.
first signs of pink lichen can be confused with symptoms of respiratory infection: fever, marked malaise, fatigue, weakness, increased lymph nodes.Later observed peeling skin patches, they have symmetrical shape, are located in the trunk and thighs.one major spot appears initially (in diameter up to 4 cm), its surface slightly rises above the rest of the skin, the color can vary from bright pink to yellow and pink.
later for 2-3 weeks, the formation of small spots, scaly at the edges, their dimensions do not exceed 2 cm. Gradually plaques disappear, their place is formed pale trail that disappears after a while.Pink zoster is rarely a cause of peeling of the skin on the face.Itching may be missing or pronounced, often exacerbated by the neuro-emotional stress of the patient.Psoriasis
There are several forms of psoriasis, each of which has an individual symptoms.There is a disease resulting from the activation of lymphocytes and increase the intensity of building a network of fine capillaries in the upper layers of the skin.There is a degree of dry shelled the area of skin that itches, also notes a strong tightness (see. How to treat psoriasis).
inflamed skin covered with plaques, which rise above the rest of the surface, they are thickened and are prone to delamination.The skin becomes thinner, and there is bleeding at the slightest pressure.The disease is spreading rapidly.Flaking may occur on the scalp (hairy part of it).
There are areas of dry smooth inflamed skin, which is also slightly protrude upward.They are located in the areas of flexion arms and legs, as well as in vivo skin folds (groin area).Often there is such injury plaque mechanically (clothing, for example) and the infection gets into the wound formed.