Antidepressants without prescription : what are the differences between on tranquilizers

Contents:

  • antidepressants without a prescription
  • What better antidepressants take
  • Names antidepressants
  • List antidepressants new generation
  • Antidepressants and tranquilizers: the difference between the groups
  • Overview herbal antidepressants withoutprescription

Depression can be described as the total emotional exhaustion.As a rule, this is due to the inability to resolve the important, from the point of view of the person, the problem.When a person is suppressed by external circumstances, and it fails to adequately realize their desires and ambitions, the body can be the answer situational depression.

Another common type of depression - a depression somatization.This mental discomfort results in the internal organs of the disease (peptic ulcer disease, hormonal disorders, cardiovascular problems).

also known depression on the background of the oscillation level of sex hormones (menopause or after childbirth) as a result of prolonged stress, chronic or terminal illness, injury

or disability.

In general depression - irritability is multiplied by the weak against the background of the low level of their own pleasure hormones (enkephalins and enedorfinov) in the brain, which leads to dissatisfaction and the surrounding reality in the absence of any forces that dramatically change.

Possible workarounds - it's support of the environment, professional (psychiatrist or psychologist-doctor) and / or pharmacological assistance.In favorable circumstances, it will help to select new priorities in life and to get rid of the cause itself, which caused him a painful state of mind.

drugs that treat depression are called antidepressants.Their application created a furor in psychiatry and has greatly improved the prognosis of patients with depression, and significantly reduced the number of suicides on the background of depressive disorders.

antidepressants without a prescription

Today, treatment of depression is not engaged in just lazy.Psychologists with pedagogical education, coaching the coaches of all kinds, traditional healers, and even hereditary witch.All of this diverse company still reads something on the problem and realizes that just talk and hands-on true clinical depression is unlikely to cure.

And many, who feel that they began to be dumped into the pit of the doldrums, but is afraid to turn to a specialist psychiatrist, not against poprinimat drugs that it would be possible to simply buy without a prescription at the pharmacy.This is because the mental health care system in our country is still more like a light mixture of the army to the bazaar, because either just "registered", or for the money!

Immediately disappoint the audience the message that antidepressants today - prescription drugs.If any commercial pharmacy in violation of the rules and sell anything without a prescription, the antidepressants on the OTC that does not become.They have a lot of serious side effects, so the feasibility of their reception, individual selection of doses should be carried out only by the attending physician.

Afobazol

One of lung antidepressants are sold without a prescription can be considered Afobazol (270-320 rub. Table 60).
Indications: in somatic diseases of adaptation disorders - irritable bowel syndrome, asthma, coronary heart disease, hypertension, arrhythmia.When alarm conditions, neurasthenia, oncology and dermatology.diseases.When sleep disorders (such as fast sleep), PMS symptoms, neuro dystonia, alcohol withdrawal syndrome, smoking cessation to facilitate withdrawal.
Contraindications : Increased individual sensitivity to children under 18 years of age, during pregnancy and lactation.
Application: after eating, 3p 10mg / day, a day not more than 60 mg, treatment of 2-4 weeks may be extended up to 3 months course.
Side effects : allergic reactions.

Unfortunately, just taking some antidepressant and hope for a speedy deliverance from depression - it hopeless.Because depression is depression strife.At the same doses of the same medication for depression a patient comes to a complete clinical recovery, and another was just beginning to appear suicidal thoughts.

What better antidepressants take

Any sane person it is clear that the best treatment to those drugs, which appointed an expert who understands this, guided by the standards of treatment, information about the drug and its clinical experience with the agent.

turns his own precious body into a testing ground for trials of antidepressants, at least imprudent.If we are such a fixed idea and visited, it is best to find some Institute of Psychiatry, where regular run-clinical programs for medicines (at least get a competent consultation and treatment free of charge).

Generally antidepressants - are drugs that elevate mood, improve overall mental health and also cause emotional lift without falling into euphoria or ecstasy.

Names

antidepressants Antidepressants can be divided depending on the action on the braking process.There are drugs with sedative, stimulant and balanced effect.

  • Soothing: amitriptyline, pipofezine (Azafen), mianserin (Lerivon) Doxepin.
  • Incentive: Metralindol (inkazana), imipramine (Melipraminum), nortriptyline, bupropion (Wellbutrin), moclobemide (Auroriks), fluoxetine (Prozac, slipped, Profluzak, Fluvanna).
  • Preparations balanced action : clomipramine (Anafranil), maprotiline (Lyudiomil) Tianeptine (Coaxil) Pirazidol.

All of them are divided into seven large groups, each of which has its own indications and preferences for different manifestations of depression.


Tricyclic antidepressants

This first-generation drugs.They prevent the reuptake in the nerve synapse norepinephrine and serotonin.Due to this, these mediators are accumulated in the nerve connection and faster nerve impulse transmission.These tools include:

  • Amitriptyline, Doxepin, Imipramine
  • desipramine, trimipramine, nortriptyline

Due to the fact that this group of drugs has a lot of side effects (dry mouth and mucous membranes, constipation, difficulty urinating,cardiac arrhythmias, hand tremors, blurred vision), it is less and less used.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors

  • Sertraline - Aleval, Asentra, Zoloft, Seralina, Stimuloton
  • Paroxetine - Paxil, Reksetin, Adepress, pliz Aktaparoksetin
  • fluoxetine - Prozac, Fluvanna, slipped
  • Fluvoxamine - Luvox
  • Citalopram - Oprah, Tsipraleks, selectors

These antidepressants are preferred for neurotic depression accompanied by fear, aggression, panic attacks.Side effects of these drugs are not extensive.The main one - nervous excitement.But large doses or overdose can lead to the accumulation of serotonin and serotonin syndrome.

This syndrome is manifested dizziness, trembling of the limbs, which can develop into seizures, increased blood pressure, nausea, diarrhea, increased motor activity, and even mental disorders.

That is why the popular and good antidepressants such as fluoxetine (Prozac), which enterprising pharmacists sell sometimes without a prescription, if uncontrolled admission or excess doses can bring people from the banal mood disorders to convulsive seizure with loss of consciousness, hypertensive crisis or bleeding in the brain, andif not before, "moved down the roof."

Selective inhibitors of serotonin and norepinephrine

They work similarly to the previous group of drugs.Milnacipran and venlafaxine are shown in depression with compulsions or phobias.Of the side effects they are characterized by headache, drowsiness, anxiety.

heterocyclic antidepressants

heterocyclic antidepressants (with the action of the receptor) are preferred in the elderly and with the combination of depression with sleep disorders.Cause drowsiness, may increase appetite and promote weight gain.

  • mianserin (Lerivon) Nefazodone
  • Mirtazapine (Remeron), trazodone (Trittiko)

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors

choice drugs for depressive disorders with panic attacks, fear of open spaces, in psychosomatic manifestations (when depression triggers internal medicine).They are divided into:

  • irreversible - tranylcypromine, phenelzine
  • reversible - eprobemide, Pirazidol (Normazidol) Moclobemide (Auroriks)

Activators reuptake of serotonin - the new generation antidepressants

ability to cope with the symptoms of depression in one week.They are effective in somatisation depression with palpitations, headaches.They are also used for depression alcoholic nature or depression with psychosis on the background of cerebrovascular events.But these tools can be addictive like opiates, these include: Tianeptine (Coaxil).

These strong anti-depressants without prescription stopped selling after for several years throughout the former Soviet space, many fans of inexpensive buzz using them "inappropriately".The result of these experiments became not only a multiple of inflammation and thrombosis of the veins, and shortening the life of up to 4 months from the beginning of the systematic application.

Antidepressants different groups

  • Buspirone (Spitomin) Nefazadon
  • Geptral (see. Review gepatoprotektorov)
  • Bupropion (Wellbutrin)

new generation antidepressants List

most popular today are the drugs from the group of selective blockersreuptake of serotonin and norepinephrine.

  • Sertraline (Serlift, Zoloft, Stimuloton) - the "gold standard" in the treatment of depression today.With it compares performance other drugs.Preferred is the treatment of depression, coupled with overeating, anxiety and obsessive states.
  • venlafaxine (Venlaksor, Velaksin, Efevelon) - is prescribed for depression, while the more severe mental disorders (eg, schizofrenii).
  • Paroxetine (Paxil, Reksetin, Adepress, Sirestill, pliz) - effective for mood disorders, grief and depression inhibited.Also removes the anxiety, suicidal tendencies.Treats personality disorders.
  • opipramol - the best option for somatisation and alcoholic depression, as inhibits vomiting, prevents cramps, stabilizes the autonomic nervous system.
  • Light antidepressants - is fluoxetine (Prozac), which is somewhat weaker, but softer than the other serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

Antidepressants and tranquilizers: the difference between

groups addition of antidepressants in the treatment of depression using and tranquilizers:

  • This group of drugs eliminates anxiety, emotional stress and anxiety
  • This medication does not violate memory, andthinking.
  • Additionally tranquilizers can prevent and remove cramps, relax muscles, normalize the work of the autonomic nervous system.
  • In moderate doses tranquilizers lower blood pressure, normalize heart rhythm and blood circulation in the brain.

Thus, tranquilizers from largely different antidepressants opposite effect on the autonomic nervous system.Also tranquilizers affect most of all fear and anxiety, which can be removed even when the single dose, and antidepressants require a course of treatment.Tranquilizers are more likely to cause dependence and withdrawal have a more pronounced and severe.

The main side effect of the group - it's addictive.It may also develop drowsiness, muscle weakness, elongation reaction time, unsteadiness of gait, tremor, speech disorders, urinary incontinence, weakening of sexual desire.In case of overdose may develop paralysis of the respiratory center and respiratory arrest.

In abrupt cancellation of tranquilizers after a long reception can develop withdrawal symptoms, which manifests itself sweating, trembling of the limbs, dizziness, sleep disorders, dysfunction of the bowel, headache, drowsiness, hypersensitivity to sounds and smells, tinnitus, disorders of perception of reality, depression.

Benzodiazepine derivatives Heterocyclic drugs
removes all kinds of alarm, are effective for sleep disorders, panic attacks, fears, obsessive-compulsive disorder.
  • bromazepam
  • Peksotan
  • Diazepam (apaurin, relium)
  • Hlordiazepaksid (elenium)
  • Nitrazepam
  • Mezepam
  • clonazepam alprazolam (Xanax)
  • Zopiclone (imovan)
This new tranquilizers.The most popular buspirone, combining the properties of anxiolytic and antidepressant.Its mechanism of action is based on the normalization of serotonin transmission.Buspirone perfectly soothes and cures anxiety, has anticonvulsant effect.It does not cause lethargy and weakness, does not violate the memory, remembering and thinking.Can be combined with alcohol, it is not addictive.
  • Ivadal
  • Zoligdem
  • Buspirone (Spitomin)
Triazolbenzodiazepinovye means Analogs glycerol - Ekvanil (Meprobomat)
Analogs diphenylmethane - Hydroxyzine (Atarax), benactyzine (Amizil)
used for depression combined with anxiety:
  • Midazolam (dormicum)

Review antidepressants plant origin (non-prescription)

Often antidepressants include herbal sedative that no antidepressants are not:

  • Preparations Valerian, Melissssy, pepper mint, Motherwort
  • combined pill - Novopassit, Persen, tenoten - is reassuring that do not help with depression.

only medicinal plant with antidepressant properties - it is St. John's wort and drugs based on it, who are appointed for mild depressive states.

There is one but: to eliminate the symptoms of depression, synthetic drugs, surpassing the effectiveness of St. John's wort in the dozens of times, we have to drink courses for several months.Therefore, St. John's wort have to brew, insisting kilograms and liters consumed, which, naturally, inconvenient, impractical and, although it may be somewhat distract from the sad thoughts about the impermanence of all things during the depression.

pharmaceutical industry offers St. John's wort in tablet form without a prescription as a mild antidepressant (nootropa) with psycho-vegetative disorders, neurotic reactions, depressive states of light - it Despres, Neyroplant, Doppelgerts nervotonik, Negrustin, gelarium.Since the active ingredient in the formulations of the same, contraindications, side effects, interactions with other drugs of similar drugs.

Despres

  • Despres Tablets 30 pcs.150-180 rub.
  • Capsules Despres forte 20 sht.220-240rub.

Composition : dry standardized extract of St. John's wort.
has a sedating effect, since the active substance St. John's Wort - pseudohypericin, hypericin, hyperforin and flavonoids have a positive effect on the functional state of the central nervous system and the autonomic nervous system.200 rubles.