Helminths or worms - a few groups of different parasites, which if it enters the human body, powered by the host, releasing toxins and even damaging the internal organs of the human - lungs, liver, muscles, gastrointestinal tract, braineyes.According to modern research, infection of the world's population is 25% different forms of helminths.
The most widespread of these worms are nematodes - Enterobiasis (pinworms) and ascariasis (roundworm), which mostly affect children, especially pre-school and primary school age.In recent years, there are a number of opinions and hypotheses about the relationship of serious diseases, such as oncology, with the presence of parasitic infestations in humans.
presence of parasites in the growing organism is also very negative impact on the state of health of the child, it is a violation and the assimilation of nutrients, minerals, vitamins, intoxication leads to negative effects on the nervous system, all organs and tissues.How to bring the worms which medicines f
test for the presence of parasites in a child or adult
To make sure that you or your child has a high risk of infection with different worms, you can answer the following questions.If the answer is questionable, consider it negative, if positive, summarize them:
- There rash
- dizziness Often headache
- is chair disorder often - constipation, diarrhea, flatulence, bloating
- often nausea
- child restless sleeps, cries during
- dream There are pronounced swelling of the feet
- enlarged lymph nodes
- Periodically is itching in the anus
- There allergic reactions - allergic cough, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, bronchial asthma
- periodically have pains inabdomen, which independently are
- constantly tired feeling, sleep does not help
- Sometimes the bitterness in the mouth
- child attends kindergarten, adult work in child care
- Disturb pains in muscles without load
- Sometimes low temperature without cold symptoms
- Steel yellowing of the mucous membranes and skin
- in the dream, gritting his teeth and girls enuresis
- Work related to animals
- Sometimes eat neprozharennoe red meat or dried fish, sushi, fat-streaked meat
- Decreased appetite or conversely increased, butwhile significantly decreased
- weight often eat raw vegetables, fruits, herbs, berries, not scalded them with boiling water
if the result of 7 positive responses - you need a blood test, a feces on eggs a worm (three times), scraping on enterobiosis (thrice), a blood test for Giardia and other parasites.In the case of 15 or more positive responses - is a high probability that you have a bot, and what specifically can establish a doctor - parasitology.In this article, worms in children, symptoms and treatments you can learn more about the kinds of parasitic infestations and their manifestations, and Pinworms in adults, symptoms, treatment.
What medicine for worms is best for children?
best medicine for worms is one which has activity against helminths is to that detected in the patient.First of all, refer to the Parasitology and based on the analysis of data to find out what kind of helminth parasite in the body, then the doctor will prescribe medication, choosing exactly means which will effectively act on this kind of parasite.(See. Every possible tablets from worms).All worming agents have a pronounced toxic effect, so they are not safe to use without a doctor's prescription.
main drugs that have in the arsenal of physicians to treat nematosis and recommended by WHO to date - is mebendazole (brand name Vermoxum, Worm) Pyrantel (Gelmintoks, Nemotsid), Levamisole (Dekaris) Albendazole (Nemozol, Worm).In Russia still used the most low-toxic drug - Piperazine, but it is poorly effective.
- anthelmintics bezosnymi considered if observed the correct dosage.
- dosage drug defines only the doctor, and it may differ from that indicated in the instructions to the drug.For example, Vermoxum can be assigned to more safe dosage.
- With powerful helminthic infestation in a child or adult doctor will prescribe a comprehensive anthelmintic course, when a combination of 2-3 drugs, the reception of which is carried out intermittently.
- have anthelmintic agents have contraindications and can not be taken by pregnant women, children with disorders of the nervous system, diseases of the blood, liver, cancer, etc..
medicine for preventing worms
Sometimes doctors recommend preventive treatment of a child of worms 1 timessix months, especially pre-school children attending kindergartens as diagnostic imperfection (out of 10 swabs, handed the child every morning, maybe 9 negative, 1 positive), light transmission of the disease, lack of skills personal hygiene at this age suggest the presence of worms in the body of the little ones.But some doctors are categorically against any treatment with toxic drugs without establishing an accurate diagnosis that also seems to be correct.
If the child has no complaints, he is never sick, he has a healthy complexion, not pale and no itching in the anus, eats well, gaining weight - do not once again expose the toxic effects of drugs.But if the suspected enterobiosis high, the child there are some symptoms that indicate the presence of pinworms, even negative analysis can be a cause of taking the pills for the prevention of worms, or rather the treatment of helminthiasis, which is likely to have.
How to bring worms in children and adults?
In identifying pinworms one person in the family, the treatment should be carried out for all the family.How can I see the worms in a child?If pinworm and roundworm, depending on age, weight of the child and the adult, these drugs are prescribed by the severity of infestation.In our list, we start with the safest and finish strong medicine for worms broad spectrum of activity:
Piperazine for children in suspension, adult tablets
piperazine price to 30 rubles.
This remedy from worms narrow spectrum of activity, it acts only on the pinworms and ascarids, not killing, and causing paralysis of the muscles of worms.Breaking the function of the neuromuscular system of Ascaris and pinworms it only affects adults, eggs and larvae of this tool does not destroy.Since there is only paralysis of Ascaris, but not death, then the toxins that are released when their destruction is not poison the body and paralyzed worms just go along with the feces.(See. Symptoms and treatment of Ascaris in children and adults)
Piperazine is the most low-toxic agent, and with little invasion to bring the worms in a child, a pregnant woman, use this medication better.However, when powerful pinworm infection, its reception may be insufficient.The question of the feasibility of its application is accepted by the attending physician.Side effects Piperazine - may cause nausea, headache, diarrhea, spastic abdominal pain, renal failure - tremor, blurred vision, hallucinations, muscle weakness, euphoria.
Pyrantel - children from 6 months
analogues of the drug: Pyrantel (30-50 p) Nemotsid, Gelmintoks (80-120r.) Kombantrin.
One of the best remedies for worms in children - Pyrantel acts on helminths when enterobioze, ascariasis, and hookworm necatoriasis.If pinworm and roundworm enough disposable dosing and re-admission after 2 - 3 weeks, during this time, be sure to iron underwear baby underwear, clearly observe good personal hygiene, change linen 2 times a day.Side effects - abdominal pain, loss of appetite, vomiting, nausea, drowsiness, headache, insomnia, dizziness, confusion, pruritus, skin rash.Contraindicated during pregnancy, renal impairment, children and women up to six months when breastfeeding.Pyrantel - shows for children up to 2 years to 3 years, as other drugs are only used for older children and adults.
mebendazole - children older than 2 years
Analogues: Vermoxum 90 rubles.Vero mebendazole, Mebeks ,null, Vormin 20 rubles. Vermakar, Termoks
have this drug for children and adults a wide spectrum anthelmintic activity, it shows not only in the pinworm, roundworm, but with mixed invasions, with trichinosis, ankilostomidoze, trihotsefaleze,strongyloidiasis, taeniasis.Side effects of this means - the liver, abdominal pain, nausea, and at high doses - vomiting, dizziness, diarrhea (see cure for diarrhea.), Fever, rash, itching, hair loss, anemia, leukopenia, eosinophilia.Mebendazole is contraindicated in pregnancy, for children up to 2 years, during lactation, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis.
Albendazole - Children older than 2 years
Analogues: Nemozol (120-150 rubles). Sanoksal, Gelmodol, Albendazole, Albendazole is Aldazol
anthelmintics broad-spectrum, it is indicated for use when enterobioze, clonorchiasis, hookworm,cutaneous larva migrans, necatoriasis, hymenolepiasis, toxocarosis, strongyloidiasis, taeniasis, ascariasis, trichinosis, giardiasis in children gnathostomiasis, kapilyaroze, trichinosis and so forth. invasions.This is a very strong, effective sredstvoetogo against worms possesses pronounced side effects such as - dry mouth, heartburn, stomatitis, nausea, flatulence, vomiting, diarrhea, hepatitis, abdominal pain, constipation, insomnia or drowsiness, confusion, headache, convulsions, dizziness, disorientation, blurred vision, hallucinations, impaired hematopoiesis, fever, dermatitis (see. ointment dermatitis), itching, hives.The drug is contraindicated in children under 2 years of age, the period of pre-pregnancy, pregnancy, lactation.
Levamisole - children older than 3 years
Analogues: Dekaris (70-90 rubles)
shown Levamisole ascariasis, necatoriasis, hookworm.In some cases, he was appointed and when mixed infestation, and pinworms.Among the side effects of the drug are the following - vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, headache, insomnia, abdominal pain, dizziness, seizures.With prolonged use of possible violations of the liver, kidneys, flu syndrome, speech disorder, allergic reactions, stomatitis, nervousness, hallucinations, arthralgia.Dekaris contraindicated for children under 3 years old, pregnant and lactating women, persons with renal or hepatic insufficiency.
Since the death of worms secrete large amounts of toxins, the administration of drugs can produce very violent intoxication, so in addition to the basic anthelmintic treatment is recommended after taking the drugs a child of worms a day, spend enetrosorbentami therapy, such as Polisorb, Polyphepan, activated carbon.However, they should drink no earlier than one day, or a sedative effect will be weakened and ineffective treatment.
Furthermore, it should also take antihistamines such as Tsetrin, Zodak, Zyrtec, Klarisens, Larotadin, Aerius (cm. Anti-allergy pills), this modern drugs have a more prolonged action, do not have a sedative effect and with children 1-2they can take years in syrup or drops.
From folk remedies for removing worms in children, can be used, perhaps, only the seed of pumpkin, because the flowers of tansy children under 12 years are contraindicated, and pumpkin seeds and tasty, and have a pronounced anthelmintic properties.About how best to get rid of worms folk remedies, read our article Pinworms in children, symptoms and treatment.