Review of medicines for worms in humans - all of anthelmintic drugs

Contents:
  • Medicines nematodes or roundworms
  • Preparations of cestodes or tapeworms
  • Tablets worming flukes or trematode flatworms
  • Should I drink tablets from worms for prevention?
  • tablets from worms during pregnancy
  • Effective tablets from worms for kids and adults - Pyrantel, Dekaris, Vermoxum, Nemozol, Worm
  • Which worms are especially common in Russia?


anthelmintic drugs, are drugs used in medicine in various forms of helminthiasis.Tablets worming medicines are divided into broad-spectrum and selective effect on certain types of worms.Before long been used to treat intestinal worms only herbal remedies - pumpkin seeds, garlic, henopodievoe oil plants Mari antihelminthic (quite toxic), an extract of male fern, etc. Today, the pharmaceutical industry offers synthetic pills for worms in humans, which are more.safe and effective, as they have a higher anthelmintic activity.

Since different groups of drugs have a specific activity, the purpose of any anthelmintic funds should be adminis

tered only by a physician, according to the established diagnosis.On the territory of Russia is spread over 70 different types of worms that can affect the human body.

best known and most widespread infestations, which struck almost all pre-school children - it is pinworms (. See pinworms in children, pinworm in adults), and not rarely identified in children lamblia (also parasitize the 12 duodenum, but the worms are not), roundworm.To date, a doctor in the arsenal of only about 10 atigelmintnyh drugs.For the treatment of the most common species of worm infestation, the following drugs - Dekaris, pyrantel, Nemozol, Worm, Vermoxum.Details about the indications, contraindications, how to take them, which ones are most effective - we describe in this article.

Any deworming can not be produced in acute intestinal infections, in any physical, infectious diseases, viral diseases, pregnancy (except Piperazine) while breastfeeding.

all human parasites are divided into groups - nematodes, cestodes, trematodes, each of which is sensitive to certain drugs.Therefore, the question of what a tablet from worms to be taken by children or adults - the answer depends on the type of helminth afflicting the patient, age of the person depends on the premorbid background of the child, drug tolerance, the general health of the patient and is assigned this drug only doctor in the dosage andcourse depending on the diagnosis.(See. Medicines for children from worms)

Medicines nematodes or roundworms

nematode include pinworms, Ascaris, Trichinella, whipworm, toxocara.As the prevalence, most often considered pinworm and roundworm, other representatives are less common.Tablets for worms in humans, acting on roundworms, parasites in the intestines, the following:

  • Albendazole - Nemozol (price 120-150 rubles), Worm, Gelmodol-VM - suspensions, chewable tablets
  • Levamisole - Dekaris (70-90rubles)
  • mebendazole - Vermoxum 90 rubles.Vormin 20 rub., Vero mebendazole, Vermakar, Mebeks, Termoks
  • piperazine 10-30 rubles.
  • pyrantel pamoate - Gelmintoks (80-120r.) Nemotsid, Kombantrin, Pyrantel (p 30-50)
  • Pirviny embonate - Pirkon, Pirivinium, Vankvin
  • Karbendatsim - Medamin

other tablets used When extraintestinal nematozah theirname:

  • Diethylcarbamazine - Ditrazina citrate
  • ivermectin - Ivermek (ivomek, baymek, ivermectin)

How to take pills for worms?Since the majority of anthelmintic funds operate on adults without causing significant impact to eggs and larvae, as well as pinworms may re autoinfection - after initial treatment, after 2 weeks should repeat the course.Also for the effective elimination of parasites from the intestine when taking certain drugs, after a morning of taking the pills, the evening should put an enema or laxative drink

Any drugs, especially tape and flat worms, should be taken only on prescription.Anthelmintics is very toxic, the application of which must be clearly demonstrated in the dosage depending on the patient's weight, but also be supportive therapy in a hospital (with exile flat and tape helminths).Independent use of such funds is not allowed!

Preparations of cestodes or tapeworms

By cestodes include a wide range of different names of worms - beef tapeworm infection, hydatid disease, gid, alveococcosis, dipilidioz, Sparganosis, dwarf tapeworm (hymenolepiasis), bovine tapeworm (taeniasis), pork tapeworm (cysticercosis,. taeniasis), a tapeworm (diphyllobothriasis), etc. For the treatment of helminth infections, the following tablets against worms:

  • Niclosamide - fenasal used for intestinal tapeworms
  • Mepacrine - Akrikhin invasion bullish dwarf chained broad tapeworm, whengiardiasis, cutaneous leishmaniasis, malaria.
  • Albendazole - Nemozol effective as in nematodes, and when mixed parasitic infestations, echinococcosis, giardiasis, neurocysticercosis caused by Taenia solium its larval form.Nemozol can be used by extraintestinal cestodosis.

Tablets worming flukes or trematode flatworms

This wide class of worms that includes opistorhos (cat fluke), fascioliasis (liver fluke), clonorchiasis (Chinese fluke) paraganimoz (lung fluke), Uotsonioz (hepaticfluke) dicroceliasis (lanceolate fluke), swimmer's itch (pruritus bathers) and Gastrodiskoidoz, Geterofioz, Metagonimoz, Metorhoz, Nanofietoz, fasciolopsiasis, Schistosomiasis, Evritremoz.

  • hloksila and bithionol - used by extra-intestinal trematodes
  • Perchloroethylene - intestinal trematodozov
  • Praziquantel - biltricid (price 6 Table 400 rub.) Tsesol, Tsistitsid, Azinoks - broad-spectrum drugs, this tablet from many kinds of worms

Should I take pills for the prevention of worms?

If you have pinworms at one of the family members is always carried out preventive treatment of the whole family.Given the fact that, very often scraping on enterobiosis is false negative, and the level of infestation of pinworms is very high pre-school and primary school age children, to the same transfer of eggs pinworms occurs very easily - through household items, doorknobs, shaking hands, pet dander,clothes of an infected child, bed linen - many parents there is a question - whether it is necessary to drink tablets from worms for prevention?

where expert opinion is divided.Some believe that it is not advisable, since after drinking the medicine today, contamination can occur tomorrow.In addition to personal hygiene, personal hygiene, washing hands after using the toilet, before eating, after street, daily morning change of underwear, no it is not desirable to make preventive treatment enterobiosis tablets.Preparations worming is very toxic, and once again in vain to load the body, especially for children, is not advisable.Except maybe that the use of raw pumpkin seeds and traditional medicine recipes with garlic.


Others insist that if a family has children of preschool and primary school age, every six months should be prophylactically take pyrantel, because in close groups of children infestation pinworms is very high, the accuracy of scraping the weak and the symptoms sometimes slabovyrazheny.In addition, teach the child clearly observe good personal hygiene often fails to only 4-6 years and a constant re-infestation can occur (self-infection).

If scraping on enetrobioz gives a negative result, but sometimes a child complains of itching in the anus (1-2 days followed by 2-3 weeks), nausea, abdominal pain, can be tested for enterobiosis it in the morning when the nightchild complained of itching and did not sleep well.And repeat scraping 3 times a day and after 2 weeks, then the result will be more reliable.Upon detection of pinworms have someone in the family, it is recommended to treat all family members.

Indications for preventive reception preparations of helminths:

  • Have pets
  • constant contact with the ground (the game in the sand, villagers)
  • If children live permanently in a closed children's collectives
  • Regular travel to exotic destinations
  • Hobbies - fishing, hunting, beach volleyball, soccer, etc.

tablets from worms during pregnancy

The fact that the worms can be everyone -. it is a known fact, especially in debilitated people.Even if a pregnant woman found parasites, taking drugs in 1 trimester is contraindicated.The drugs are so toxic that can cause more damage to the medicines themselves, rather than parasitic infestation.Tablets for worms during pregnancy may be taken only on doctor's prescription and is approved for use only piperazine:

  • with roundworm - 2 p / day for 1 hour or 1 hour after meals 2 consecutive days, the dose is 1.5 -2g.
  • with pinworms - the same dose for 5 consecutive days, then a week break, 1-3 courses of therapy.

Do not worry if a pregnant woman will be detected pinworms.If you follow the rules of personal hygiene, even when infected by these worms is possible to self-healing, as pinworms live only a few weeks.If you do not comply with hygiene very high risk of self-infection after infection (re-infestation) and thorough hygiene and steaming underwear relieve a pregnant woman from taking toxic drugs from worms.Therefore, in order to avoid contamination or re-infestation with worms follows:

  • thoroughly wash hands with soap after using the toilet
  • wash their hands after changing underwear
  • immediately before the meal (even a snack)
  • after contact with animals
  • thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables

Effective tablets from worms for kids and adults - Pyrantel, Dekaris, Vermoxum, Nemozol, Worm

Dekaris

active substance - Levamisole.
Dekaris tablets from worms not only have a devastating effect on the worms, but also immunomodulatory effects, but the application, especially children, should only be on purpose, because the drug has severe side effects.
Indications: pinworms (Enterobiasis), roundworm (ascariasis) Hookworm (hookworm), intestinal ugritsa (strongyloidiasis), American hookworm (necatoriasis), whipworm (trichocephalosis) trihostrongilez, toxoplasmosis.
Contraindications: children up to 3 years, breastfeeding, agranulocytosis, tablets 150 mg should not be taken for children.With caution in patients with hepatic and renal failure, inhibition of bone marrow hematopoiesis.
Dosing : Adults 150 mg once.after eating the evening should take 1 tablet from worms, squeezed small amounts of water.

  • Children 3-6 years 25-50 mg, the est1 or Table 0.5.50 mg,
  • let50-75 children 6-10 mg., that is 1.5 -1 Table.50 mg.
  • children 10-14 years 75-100 mg, ie 2-1,5 Table.50 mg.

For the treatment of a single dose is sufficient, after 2 weeks of the course to repeat.Follow a special diet or taking a laxative is not necessary.
Side effects: Nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, stomatitis, headache, fever, dizziness, confusion, insomnia, allergic reactions on the skin, uterine bleeding, renal failure.

Price: 70-90 rubles.

pyrantel, Gelmintoks

active substance - Pyrantel
Indications: Ascariasis, enterobiosis, necatoriasis, hookworm, trichocephalosis.This is the most effective and safe from worms for kids tablets, especially when enterobioze and ascariasis.
contraindicated: Hypersensitivity, with caution to infants up to six months, during pregnancy and lactation, in hepatic failure.
Dosing: If pinworm and roundworm, and in mixed infestations by these worms, tablets adults taken once after breakfast at the rate of 10 mg / kg.

  • For children 0.5-2 years -125 mg
  • for children 2-6 years -250 mg.
  • Children 6-12 years -500 mg.
  • Adults - 750 mg over 75 kg - 1 of

To prevent self-infection in 2-3 weeks, repeat the course.When hookworm, or a combination ascariasis necatoriasis etc. Mixed invasions take 3 days at 10 mg / kg / day or 20 mg / kg / day for 2 days.Momentary 5 mg / kg at an isolated ascariasis.Tablets for worms in humans - before taking Pyrantel is necessary to chew.
Side effects: Diarrhoea, vomiting, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, loss of appetite, hives, skin rash, headache, hearing loss, insomnia or drowsiness, hallucinations, increased liver function tests, confusion, hyperthermia, paresthesia.

Price: Pyrantel 50-60 rubles Gelmintoks 80-120 rubles.

Vermoxum, Vormin

active substance - mebendazole
Indications: multiple nematode, Enterobiasis, Ascariasis, capillariasis, strongyloidiasis, trichinosis, hookworm disease, taeniasis, echinococcosis, alveococcosis, trichocephalosis, gnathostomiasis.It's quite effective, good tablets from helminths, especially pinworms and ascarids.
Contraindications: pregnancy, lactation, children under 2 years old, liver failure, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, hypersensitivity to the drug.
Dosing: Reception suspension or tablet from worms Vermoxum carried inside, then drinking a small amount of water.

  • When enterobioze: for children 2-10 years 25-50mg.mono-, adult 100 mg.The course of treatment is repeated c / o 2-4 weeks
  • In ascariasis, hookworm, trihotsefaleze, strongyloidiasis, taeniasis and mixed helminthiasis - 3 days at 100 mg 2 r / day, morning and evening
  • When trichinosis 3days 200-400 mg 3 /day from day 4-10 3p 400-500mg / day.
  • When echinococcosis 3 days for 2p 500mg / day for the next 3 days 3p 500mg / day, and then increase the dose to max th 25-30 mg / kg / day in 3-4 divided doses.

Side effects: Abdominal pain, dizziness, nausea, sometimes with a long reception experience an allergic reaction, diarrhea, vomiting, headache, increased liver function tests, anemia, leukopenia, eosinophilia, loss of hair, cylindruria, hematuria.

Price: Vormin 20 rubles, 100 rubles Vermoxum.

Nemozol, Worm, Albendazole, Aldazol

active substance - Albendazole.
Indications: nematodes (enterobiosis, ascariasis, hookworm, trichocephalosis, necatoriasis), strongyloidiasis, toxocariasis, hydatid lung, liver, peritoneum, which is the causative agent is the larval form of Echinococcus granulosus, giardiasis, mixed worm infestation, neurocysticercosis, is the causative agent is the larval formTaenia solium.
Contraindications: Pregnancy, retinal damage, hypersensitivity, children up to 2 years.The caution during lactation, for violations of liver function in case of violation of hematopoiesis.
use method: tablets from worms Worm or Nemozol taken with food.