How to care for braces , dentures , crowns , and other tools for oral hygiene

Almost every adult has sealed teeth, and half of the adult population has artificial dentures. Not everyone knows how important is the careful care of artificial teeth.

Moreover, some believe that once the tooth is not "live", then you do not need to clean it, forgetting that this very tooth is constantly in contact with hard and soft tissues and adjacent teeth.

Some people are afraid to actively clean artificial teeth, so that they do not loosen up and fall out. Of course, this attitude is incorrect and leads to a decrease in the life of the prosthesis. Consider the "weak" places of the most common artificial prostheses and braces.

Fixed prosthesis of the type of crown that is worn on a part of the tooth or pin

Externally, the dentures look like their own teeth, because they hide under the gum while fixing. It is under the gum, in the place of contact of the artificial material and the "live" part of the tooth with insufficient hygiene, most often the infectious process begins that manifests

itself with an unpleasant smell from under the crown. The fact is that the material that fixes the artificial crown to the tooth, eventually dissolves, giving access to air and microbes.

Removable prosthesis

They are fixed on the jaw with special staples. Very often, a piece of food falls under the prosthesis, which, when decomposed, is a source of unpleasant odor and a risk of gum disease.


The main problem of artificial teeth - the so-called survival rate. It is impossible to call an implant a full tooth, because it is impossible to restore a complex structure of ligaments and tissues that holds a real tooth. With poor survival, the soft tissues of the jaw suffer, which easily become infected and become inflamed. The implanted implant needs the same care as the real tooth, especially the gum border area and the implant.


A complex orthodontic system, called braces, greatly complicates the cleaning of teeth, so often after they are removed, the teeth remain a chronic yellow coating that must be removed in the dental office. A plaque, as you know - the best food for bacteria. Braces are usually used to correct the bite and straightening of uneven teeth in children, adolescents( see how to pick up toothpaste for children, how to properly brush your teeth to adults).

How to care for dental implants and fixed dentures( crowns)


  • Rehabilitation period ( 10-14 days after implantation).To use a toothbrush is not recommended, conducting hygiene with a sterile gauze pad moistened with antiseptic. The area of ‚Äč‚Äčimplantation should be treated with an irrigator. Be sure to rinse your mouth after each meal with an antiseptic.
  • The next 10-14 days .Hygiene using a toothbrush with soft bristles and antibacterial toothpaste. Always rinse your mouth after eating.

Implants and non-removable dentures

  • Further care .Implant after engraftment and dental prosthesis are equated to the usual tooth: you can use any paste and brush, including electrical, except for those that have stiff bristles. The interdental spaces should be cleaned with a bundle brush or an irrigator should be used so that soft tissues are not exposed to bacteria. For more thorough care, you can use floss, not forgetting to rinse your mouth after treatment.

How to brush your teeth while wearing braces

The bracket system greatly complicates oral hygiene, but the teeth need more care than ever. Since the process of wearing the bracket system is long, up to 1.5-2 years, before it is installed, it should be stocked with the following devices:

  • Orthodontic toothbrush with V-neck in the middle;
  • Ershiki( bundle brushes) for cleaning the interdental spaces and parts of the bracket system;
  • Dental floss normal and superfloss with thickening on the same side;
  • Irrigator - a special system for cleaning the mouth, feeding fluid under pressure.
  • Rinse mouth.
  • Fluoride toothpaste.
  • A hand-held magnifying mirror that will help control the cleaning process.

Orthochet and brushes wear out quickly, so they must be changed at least once every 2 months.

Teeth cleaning technology with brackets

  • Remove detachable elements if available;
  • Brush with toothpaste to clean the teeth along the gum line in a circular motion;
  • Clean the outer and inner surfaces with sweeping movements, and chewing - with horizontal and circular. Unlike traditional tooth cleaning, it is recommended to treat each tooth separately, cleaning it for at least 10-15 seconds.
  • Clean the brackets with strong enough movements, maximally cleaning the area around the bracket;
  • Clean the arch of the bracket system;
  • Use a special brush to clean every interdental space;
  • Process hard-to-reach places and areas under the bracket with dental floss;
  • Rinse out mouth with a special rinse aid fluid or treat with an irrigator.

Brush teeth should be cleaned 3 times a day. Always rinse the mouth after each meal and snack.

Removable prosthesis

A removable denture requires special care, which is carried out outside the mouth, twice a day. To care for it, an ordinary toothbrush and paste are used, which clean all the surfaces of the prosthesis, including those that come into contact with soft tissues. There are special fluids for the care of removable prosthesis, which destroy bacteria, but you can rinse the prosthesis in a solution of baking soda( 1 teaspoon per 1 cup of cold boiled water) or infusion of chamomile.

After each meal, the prosthesis is removed and rinsed from food residues.

The part of the gum on which the prosthesis is installed should be massaged with a soft-bristled toothbrush to improve blood circulation twice a day( see causes of bleeding gums).

Accessories for oral hygiene

Toothbrush and toothpaste is the minimum that is necessary for everyday oral hygiene and care. You should observe the rules of hygiene, as well as visit the dentist at least 1 time in half a year - only this is a guarantee of healthy teeth and gums.

Let's consider other devices that facilitate cleaning of teeth and increasing its efficiency. They will not prevent people with healthy teeth, but are especially recommended to all who have some or other problems of the oral cavity.

Interproximal brush

On the head of this brush is a miniature brush that easily penetrates into hard-to-reach places. It is recommended for care of crowns, implants, cleansing of interdental spaces. It is better to choose a brush with a bristle with plastic coating, the size is better to choose medium, not too small( ineffective) and not too big( discomfort when cleaning).Never apply a toothpaste on a toothbrush.

Bundle brush or brush

A miniature brush brush with a bunch of long bristles that is used to clean hard-to-reach areas of the inside of the teeth, around the tooth on the implant and around the outside of the teeth on implants, with braces or bridges.

Ershiki vary in size and shape: conical, cylindrical. Dentists recommend combining brushes and dental floss, since the thread is better to use in small spaces between teeth, and the brushes are better able to clean significant interdental spaces.

Floss and floss

A special thread made of silk, nylon, acetate fibers with a flat or round cross-section for cleaning interdental spaces, brackets, impregnated with a flavored antiseptic. You can use it for children from the age of 7. A floss variation is the superfloss , a single-sided thickening thread. It is used in those narrow places where it is difficult to use an interdental brush.

Cleaning of the tooth surface on the implant and connecting pins is performed by moving the thick thread back and forth between the adjacent tooth and the tooth on the implant or through an interval with the adjacent abutment pins. Movements from side to side are carried out while cleaning the bridge, adjacent to the gumline of the gum.

Flosses - disposable devices, the principle of which is similar to floss, but the use is more convenient by fixing the thread on the base( see how dangerous the use of dental floss with bleeding gums).

Mouthwashes for the mouth

Rinsers are an aqueous solution of deodorizing, antiseptic, astringent ingredients, they refresh breathing, provide anti-caries protection and perform a preventive function. Elixirs are water-alcohol solutions, which, in addition to antiseptics, can contain medicinal herbs, menthol, aromatic oils.

However, do not abuse the rinsers, they should be used only as a therapeutic agent, not always, because their long-term use disrupts the natural flora of the mouth and destroys the beneficial bacteria that regulate the vascular tone in the body( see mouth rinsers are not safe for the elderly).

Spoons, scrapers and brushes, gels for cleaning the tongue

  • gels are special agents most often with plant components that perform antiseptic function.
  • Spoons - they are usually used as a nozzle for the irrigator or electric toothbrush.
  • Scraper-scraper is a plastic handle with a nozzle in the shape of a spoon on the end of an oval or triangular shape, small setae on the surface of the tip.
  • Special toothbrushes , on the opposite side of which there is a special bristly brush for cleaning the tongue( see why and how to clean the tongue).


Special household appliance, supplying liquid with a thin trickle with a lot of bubbles, which is achieved by creating a certain pressure. They are used for rinsing the oral cavity, cleaning the interdental spaces, massage periodontal tissues and gums, cleaning the cervical crown part, pathological gingival pockets, etc. And to people with a tendency to form plentiful plaque( smokers) and with frequent inflammatory diseases of the gums and oral cavity, becausecan be used for medical purposes.

With gingivitis, cervical caries, periodontitis, medicinal solution( antiseptics, herbal decoctions, anti-inflammatory agents) is supplied under pressure, promoting its universal penetration. Parallel massage is also performed, stimulating local immunity and blood flow and local immunity. The irrigator is used after the main brushing of teeth, the procedure time is 1-3 minutes. Irrigators can be used for children, for this purpose there is a special children's nozzle.