Parovarian cyst of the ovary - Causes, Symptoms , Treatment

What can mean a diagnosis - parovarian cyst of the ovary?After all, this diagnosis is often enough to put women of reproductive age.In this article, we consider - the causes of parovarian cyst ovaries, symptoms of the disease and possible treatments.

What parovarian cyst?

parovarian cyst - a benign tumor, which refers to tumors.The formation is represented as a cavity, which is released from the ovary.When a woman is only beginning to develop parovarian cyst, the patient within a few months does not experience any unpleasant symptoms.Then, over time, the woman may have severe pain in the lower abdomen (the pain radiates to the lumbar region).After that, if the patient does not seek medical help or does not pass the planned medical examination, the cyst continues to grow in size, with the result that women develop such severe and unpleasant symptoms, such as - the menstrual cycle and even worse - infertility.

severe consequences of untreated parovarian cyst is infertility.Be attentive to your heal


If parovarian cyst of the ovary becomes severe chronic form, the cyst begins to rapidly fester further - cyst pathologically twisted leg, and after - the cyst capsule can burst.

How can I determine that a woman has no or parovarian cyst?Women should consult a gynecologist and undergo a study of the vagina and do a pelvic ultrasound.

If we talk about timely treatment parovarian cyst, the therapy is a procedure "husking" cysts that allows you to save ovaries and fallopian tubes to preserve reproductive function.

risk of parovarian cyst

parovarian cyst is localized between the uterus and ovaries, as well as - fallopian tubes.A cyst is presented in the form of single-chamber cavity, which arises as a result of violations of embryogenesis procedure.

Most often parovarian cyst occurs in the age period - from 20 years to 45 years.As of today, ovarian cyst diagnosed in 16 women of the 100-ta.

cyst paraovarialnogo type has a rounded shape, whose walls are quite thin as 1-2 mm.Inside - a cyst lined by squamous epithelium;inside the cyst contains clear fluid.This liquid contains a protein and a substance called mucin.

feeds cyst paraovarialnogo type of blood flow from the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes.This type of cyst increases in physiological amounts rather slowly, which is why the patient can not go to the doctor-gynecologist for a long time.In severe cases, clinical paraovarialnogo type increases to the size of an orange.

Precipitating factors increase cysts

parovarian cyst becomes inflamed as a result of already existing in the organs of the pelvic infectious processes - oophoritis and adnexitises.Also, the type of cyst paraovarialnogo increases due to hormonal disorders (in the form of hypothyroidism).If the patient very early on the first signs of puberty (menstruation, primary and secondary sexual characteristics), it also affects the formation and growth of cysts.

If a woman several times during his life had abortions (referring to surgical termination of pregnancy), or to avoid unwanted pregnancy - takes quite uncontrollably hormones pills, all this leads to the formation of foreign entities in the small bodiespelvis.

noted that it is during pregnancy there is a rapid increase in the "sleeping before 'parovarian cyst.

main symptoms parovarian cyst

parovarian cyst, as mentioned above, initially (the first stage) has a small physiological dimensions - about 0.5 cm and 2.5 cm reaches

unpleasant painful symptoms parovarian cyst occur.if the tumor is increased to 5 cm. in this case, the patient complained of severe stabbing pain in the abdomen with the left or right side (at the localization of the ovary).Moreover, these unpleasant painful sensations in no way associated with pain arising during menstruation.

Pain in the lower abdomen is greatly enhanced at a time when a woman lift weights or resorts to increased physical activity.

increases in size ovarian cyst starts peredavlivat bladder, which leads to frequent urination, constipation, flatulence, and - an increase in the size of the stomach.

In severe cases, the patient is a violation of the menstrual cycle, and then followed by infertility.

Diagnostics parovarian cyst

To diagnose the presence parovarian cyst is necessary to compulsorily undergo pelvic examination of the vagina, pelvic ultrasound.If the course of the disease, the patient goes into severe complications stage (menstrual disorders, infertility), the woman conducting a study of laparoscopy.

With increasing cyst of 5 cm and more, the woman herself can detect at an incomprehensible novoorazovanie (bump under the skin in the abdomen), when clicked, there are painful sensations.


cysts have a tendency to self-dissolve only the follicular cyst and the so-called corpus luteum cyst, which is formed in the cavity of the ovary.

If the patient is diagnosed so-called asymptomatic cyst, it is necessary to observe the condition of the woman - I mean - the cyst increases in size or not.

If a woman is of childbearing age, and she still was not pregnant, it is recommended to carry out the so-called enucleation of the cyst, that is - the surgical removal.Also, if a woman is planning a pregnancy in the near future, or IVF, then the removal of parovarian cyst is considered mandatory.

operation to remove a cyst is called a laparoscopy - when it made a small incision in the uterus, and cyst husks from the capsule.In carrying out such an operation, fallopian tubes and ovaries are completely preserved, which means - the possibility of pregnancy planning in the future.