Cardiac arrhythmias - Symptoms , Causes and Treatment
Our heart works non-stop and rest, because of his work depends on the work of all other organs.During the day, the heart makes about 110 000 punches!But his punches are not chaotic, and different rhythm and a certain sequence.For the rhythm of the heartbeat meet specific heart cells, which constantly generate and conduct electrical impulses, which ensures trouble-free functioning of the heart and life of the whole organism.
But for various reasons, sometimes there are disruptions of cardiac rhythm, in such cases we say about arrhythmia.It is a heart rhythm disorder, its conductivity, resulting in a violation of contraction frequency.
There are many causes of arrhythmia, but no matter why it appeared, it is a wake-up call and reported that in the activity of the heart muscle there have been some failures.The consequences of this failure can be very serious, because the heart is the engine of our body.In the case of other organs slow heart loses the necessary amount of blood, and therefore can not fully work.Also, problems arise due to the accelerated heartbeat, in this case the heart does not have time to relax and not filled with boring blood volume, and therefore the emission of blood decreases.Arrhythmias can occur in different ways, and each patient differently tolerated that affects the choice of treatments, some people have to completely change your lifestyle.Arrhythmia may be organic in nature, or be a consequence of the endocrine, autonomic, various metabolic disorders.Often, the wrong use of certain medications may trigger a violation of the heartbeat.Causes of arrhythmias may be the deposition of cholesterol in the walls of blood vessels, cardiac muscle weakness, disorders of the thyroid gland.
fading pulse, its acceleration, palpitations that occur during exercise or at rest may be a signal that the person suffers from arrhythmia or tachycardia.All of these symptoms and the suspicion must be the occasion for cardiac evaluation.
symptoms of arrhythmia arrhythmia
flow indicated a variety of symptoms.Insidious disease manifests itself in the fact that not always it makes itself known, and some of the symptoms of individuals can be regarded as a normal phenomenon.For example, premature contraction of the heart (a symptom known as extrasystole) can be hard to bear for a unit of its manifestations, which immediately cause to go to the hospital.But a series of premature contractions can not bring much discomfort, and appears only flutter in her chest, and does not cause particular concern, although the disease continues to progress and thereby disrupt vital functions of the body.
arrhythmia patients felt, and during an attack the patient notices acceleration or slowing of the heart rate.But constant fibrillation patients generally can not be felt, as he gets used to it, so rarely constant arrhythmia patients seek treatment in a timely manner.
serious symptom of arrhythmia begin to appear when the heart ceases to pump the required amount of blood and start failures.Arrhythmia, provoked by the weakness of the heart muscle, the deposition of cholesterol in the walls of blood vessels, reduces the pumping function of the heart.The patient was tormented by dizziness, fatigue, shortness of breath occurs.It is also possible loss of consciousness.Chronic arrhythmia is accompanied by swelling, attacks of cardiac asthma.
When the manifestation of the first symptoms of arrhythmia, even the most insignificant, an urgent need to consult a cardiologist.This approach may be able to prevent the progression of the disease and stop the destruction of the body's processes.
arrhythmia diagnosis today is carried out by methods:
- ultrasound of the thyroid gland;
- a blood test.
also in the laboratory, a test with physical activity.
arrhythmias When arrhythmias identify necessary first of all to review your lifestyle, get rid of bad habits and normalize diet.On the basis of research results the doctor can determine the cause of the disease and prescribe treatment.If installed thyroid dysfunction, the appointed replacement therapy aimed at normalizing the hormonal balance in the body.Two methods of treating a disorder of heart rhythm are used in modern cardiology - medical and surgical.
Medication involves the administration of drugs that can positively affect heart failure and eliminate them.These drugs make it possible to relax the heart, exhausted arrhythmia.Typically, such a method of treatment is a large period of time, since only long-term use of cardiac medications may help get rid of arrhythmia.Also, medications can help prevent bouts of illness.Any medications should be prescribed by a doctor.
effective drug treatment is very high, but sometimes (rarely) is impotent, then the doctors are forced to resort to surgical intervention .Cardiac surgery performed such operations aimed at eliminating the arrhythmia: the implantation of a pacemaker, defibrillator implantation and radiofrequency ablation.