Exercise therapy in diseases of the nervous system

application of exercise therapy results in an overall improvement of the body, reduce the period of disability, early physical and occupational rehabilitation.

prescribe exercise therapy for people with diseases of the nervous system as a method of pathogenetic not specific, complex treatment and preventive medicine.

Pathogenetic nature of this treatment is that it not only helps to eliminate the cause of the disease, but also changes the nature of the disease, the conditions of its origin and consequences.

Against the background of the pathological process pathological changes LFK intersystem relations.It is not a specific type of therapy has not only local, but also the overall impact on the entire body of the patient.LFK changes reactive state of the organism, facilitates rapid functional recovery of the patient.

important role belongs to physical therapy as a means of prevention of various complications that are associated with the development of the primary pathological process (lack of mobili

ty in the joints, contractures, ankylosis, loss of coordination, etc.).

When illnesses of the nervous system is a method of physical therapy natural content that uses the basic human functions - motion, given to patients in the form of special exercises.As a biological catalyst favorable reactions it ensures the active involvement of the patient to the treatment process, stimulates and improves the physiological processes typical of the man.

products of protein metabolism stimulates tissue metabolism and contribute to changes in the nerve-muscle tone.

Impact loads on patients with diseases of the nervous system, through the neuro-endocrine and humoral mechanisms.

Nervous link LFK mechanism of action is due to such factors:

1. Eliminating stagnant focus of excitation in the cerebral cortex, which develops due to the pathological process in the periphery or in various internal organs.Reduction and elimination of the negative focus of excitation is carried out through physical exercise through a receptor system that affect the cortical activity on the basis of external inhibition.

2. Normalization of the dynamics of mobility and balance.The regulatory role of these processes in human life is stimulated under the influence of continuous application of exercise.

3. Improving the conditioned reflex activity between the reticular formation, the internal organs and muscles that work.It is improved by reflex activity through links from the periphery to the central nervous system.

4. Active involvement of the patient in the treatment process, in the fight against their own disease, which creates a certain cortical disposition.This effectively provides a new dominant positive, negative foci which suppresses static excitation (including pain) in the cerebral cortex.

Under the influence of well-conducted studies of LH and familiarization of the patient with the positive effects of the use of physical therapy, he having positive emotions that are restructuring autonomic changes that improve blood supply and the state of the neuro-vascular tone.The patient recovers more quickly, decreasing the terms of disability, increased self-service capabilities in the clinical setting and in the home.

Endocrine link the positive effect of therapeutic exercises - is hormonal regulation of physiological processes in the body.The hormones of the cortex of the adrenal gland and anterior pituitary contribute to the formation processes of adaptation to the effects of external factors, including physical exercises.This so-called hormone of the adrenal cortex.

Thyroid largely regulates the substances (carbohydrate deposition in the liver as glycogen) exchange, ensuring the Krebs cycle - resynthesis of glucose and other important biochemical processes that occur during muscle activity.

In the case of increased secretion occur violent inflammatory reactions and appropriate intensive creation of immune bodies.The function of the endocrine glands is regulated by the central nervous system, which is critical in the mechanism of pathogenesis.

humoral regulation of the mechanism of the positive effect of exercise therapy on the patient due to the circulation of the active substances and the synthesis of proteins in the blood that provide a level of performance and muscle metabolism in patients with diseases of the nervous system.

Because of disease and changes hypokinesia reflex regulation, there are pathological reflexes and pathological dominants.

Exercise as non-specific biological stimulant favorable reactions are the main trigger of the neuroendocrine and humoral regulation of the body during the treatment of various diseases in the neurological clinic.