Food poisoning - Causes, Symptoms , Treatment

holiday, feast, mountains of delicious food, and in the morning vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea.Familiar?Food poisoning - the most common problem for most people, because we have no food anywhere, and the food quality is poor.To get rid of the unpleasant effects of spoiled foods, we must be able to identify the symptoms in time and give yourself first aid.

cause food intoxications - eating spoiled food, poisonous mushrooms or plants, and harmful microorganisms that enter the stomach with food.In fact, it is possible to poison any food: stale meat, rotten fish, green with potatoes, sour milk, etc.Furthermore, poisoning may occur if the food contained in the salts of heavy metals or harmful chemicals.

Symptoms of food poisoning Food poisoning

lasts about two days, and is usually completed without consequences, but occasionally possible dehydration, goiter, problems with the kidneys, pancreas and liver.Therefore, at the slightest hint of poisoning and it should take steps to get rid of the unp

leasant symptoms.Characteristic signs of food poisoning are:

  • constant nausea, profuse, watery, foul-smelling diarrhea (sometimes with blood);
  • Increased body temperature from 37 to 40 degrees, chills;
  • violation of urination, dark urine;
  • lowering blood pressure;
  • unconsciousness, impaired coordination of movements, fog and double vision, general weakness and malaise, delirium appears in the rare cases of poisoning;
  • Feels pain in the abdomen, bloating, headache;
  • tachycardia, asphyxia;
  • cramped muscles, bones ache patient, pale skin, there is a light blue lips;
  • gradually dulled the sharpness of features, and the third day the symptoms are.

Treatment of intoxication

In principle, food poisoning can cope on their own, if you follow this advice.But in severe cases, with prolonged poisoning or excessive manifestations of intoxication, dehydration, muscle weakness and diarrhea with blood need urgent hospitalization and assistance of qualified doctors.

First aid

To begin, define a food product that caused the poisoning.I think it is not necessary to say that you need to get rid of as soon as possible from him.Then commit such acts:

Wash stomach with water or a weak solution of potassium permanganate.Dissolve potassium permanganate very carefully!Even a small crystal is not dissolved can severely burn and damage the mucous membranes of the mouth, stomach, and esophagus.A more secure method of rinsing - iodine and brine.To prepare this solution, dissolve two tablespoons of baking soda, and five or six drops of iodine per liter of warm boiled water.Napo patient to failure and induce vomiting by clicking on the root of the tongue.Rinse the stomach until a vomit will be clean and will leave only water.It is not necessary to use a gastric lavage, if the person is unconscious, the patient - a small child (under two years), or suffered a stroke, a heart attack.

If a person has no diarrhea, laxative use after washing the stomach.It will cleanse the stomach and contributes to the further recovery.

If the frustration of a chair available, give the patient activated charcoal or drug "Smecta".It falls on charcoal tablet every ten kilogram of body weight."Smecta" consumed one sachet.No other drugs without a doctor's recommendations should not be used, this can lead to tragic consequences.

To avoid dehydration, the patient should drink plenty of liquids.Poite with water, warm tea without sugar or milk unspoiled as much as possible during the poisoning.

Try to warm the patient, wrap a blanket or place it at the feet of a hot water bottle - with food poisoning can become very chill.

You can use some advice of traditional medicine, in particular, such recipes:

  • Dill broth with honey - a tablespoon dill spoon pour a glass of boiled water, boil for about twenty minutes on low heat, then add honey and drink for thirty minutes before the receptionfood.
  • Tincture of lemon peel - tablespoon orange or lemon peels grind and pour a glass of boiling water, let the mixture sit for fifteen minutes.
  • Every two or three hours drink strong tea without sugar, half a cup at a time.

Diet for food poisoning

During food intoxication and after getting rid of symptoms (10-14 days), keep to a diet.On the first day of poisoning, try not to eat anything, only drink as much as possible.Brees and crackers are allowed on the second day, while others can be powered longer and cereals, and various soups.Subsequently, the food should be easy to digest.For example, to recover from intoxication good dishes such as soups, vegetables, minced boiled meat or fish mince as meatballs steamed puddings from cottage cheese, various cereals on the water (buckwheat, rice, millet, semolina), crackers and drysinging, baked, boiled, fresh vegetables and fruits, teas and herbal teas.

to this unpleasant phenomenon as food poisoning, not repeated, carefully follow the condition of the product that you eat.