Diphtheria - dangerous infectious disease

Diphtheria affects the upper respiratory organs, eyes, skin, and can spread to the internal organs.It is a very serious infectious disease that can be prevented by a vaccine.

pathogen Feature

diphtheritic rod (the causative agent of the disease) was first discovered in 1883.In the human body it falls through wounds, mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, umbilical wound, conjunctiva.Ways of transmission - contact and airborne.Once in the body the bacteria begins to multiply and secrete exotoxins (they have a very negative effect on the body).

Classification diphtheria

Diphtheria oropharynx - this is a classic form of diphtheria, it was diagnosed in 90% of cases of infection wand.It most often occurs after an illness of the nose and throat, but the risk of diphtheria on the background of a sore throat is very small.Disease are more prone to pre-school children, especially those who are sick.Diphtheria oropharynx can be widespread, localized, toxic, sub-toxic, hypertoxic.

Diphtheria croup affects the pharynx, trachea, bronchi, accompanied by a barking cough, hoarse voice, respiratory failure.Fortunately, quite rare these days.Diphtheria bacillus may affect the skin, eyes and genitals.

Combined diphtheria affects multiple organs and body systems.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of diphtheria

Recognize diphtheria is not very easy, many patients take it for SARS, as the disease progresses in the meantime.Very often it arises against diphtheria colds.The clinical picture of diphtheria: a rise in body temperature to 38 degrees, the presence of headache, there is a pain in the throat, which increases with swallowing, is a common condition is accompanied by lack of appetite, lethargy.Diphtheria is accompanied by nasal discharge, swollen lymph nodes, difficulty breathing, raids on the throat.If the disease has affected the skin, that appear on the skin sores, swelling.

most severe form of the disease is the toxic diphtheria.Home - rapid, sudden increase in body temperature up to 40 degrees, severe headache, weakness, drowsiness, abdominal pain, throat, possible vomiting.At 3-4 day thick dirty gray coating completely covers the amygdala, an unpleasant odor from the mouth, the voice becomes hoarse.

Late diagnosis of the disease is fraught with unpleasant consequences, which are expressed in the complications of the disease and spread it on the skin and eyes.Reproductive organs and internal organs.Typical complications are myocarditis and peripheral paralysis.If croup is the respiratory system paralysis, and, as a consequence - asphyxia and death.It is therefore necessary to begin treatment in a timely manner, to seek medical care, especially for young children.

Treatment of diphtheria

patient requires medical care and bed rest, so at the first suspicion of diphtheria is necessary to consult a doctor.During the first two days, you must enter antidifteriynuyu serum that will prevent intoxication and further development of the sticks.The reason for the urgent visit to a medical facility can be a pain in the throat, especially if it is a child who has not been vaccinated against diphtheria.

While in hospital the patient must comply with strict bed rest, diet, drink plenty of fluids.The doctor, on the basis of analyzes, appoint a course of antibiotic treatment, after which you need to take a course of rehabilitation therapy and a vaccination.If the patient is observed respiratory failure, then held mechanical ventilation.Do not refuse medical treatment, as the disease is very serious and can cause self-harm only.

if treatment was initiated in the early stages, the forecasts are favorable, which is not the beginning of treatment in the later stages.As mentioned above, if a high probability of death, if there was no time to provide medical care and not put antidifteriynaya serum.

Prevention diphtheria

Diphtheria toxoid was first released in 1895 in the United States and has since become the most reliable preventive measure.The vaccine helps to prevent the disease, its effectiveness is very high - 95% reduced risk of infection.Even if a person gets sick after vaccination with diphtheria, the course of the disease, the likelihood of complications and death reduced to almost zero.Inoculation is done in diphtheria 3,4,5 and 6 months, and booster shown in 1.5 years, 7 years and then 14 years.Immunity is usually maintained for 10-11 years.

Many parents today make a big mistake by refusing vaccinations, so the spacecraft in such a case the body baby remains without protection and strongly susceptible to various bacteria, viruses, which unformed, a weak immune system is unable to cope.