Down syndrome : risk analysis for Down syndrome

Recently, the birth of children with Down syndrome was not uncommon, and regularity.As a rule, the probability of birth of a baby with this syndrome occurs in women older than 30 years.Give birth at such a late age of those who decided to direct all their efforts to build a career and a successful life.About his health, and careful examination of women tend to remember only during the pronunciation diagnosis from a doctor.How to prevent Down syndrome?What analysis have to pass, and whether there is a chance of having a healthy baby after 30?

What is Down syndrome?

Down syndrome - is not a disease that occurs in childhood or adulthood, but a serious genetic mutation.As you know, everyone has a certain set of chromosomes, but rather only 23 pairs.When the division of the fertilized egg in 21 couples there is another, which is responsible for the occurrence of a genetic mutation.In recent years, every 500 children is born with Down syndrome.Every 20th woman chooses to give birth after 30 years, riskin

g to hear this diagnosis.

Down Syndrome manifests itself in physical and mental development of the child backlog.children have underdeveloped cardiovascular, nervous system.Disturbed motility and musculoskeletal system.Of course, the stimulation of brain activity is possible using of drugs.But we must remember that no matter how hormone therapy did not affect the baby, it will not be the same as everybody else.But, nevertheless, there is a good chance to make a life full baby.And it does not depend on doctors and parents.After all, such a child not only needs constant care, but also the attention and care.Children with Down syndrome are more prone to the emotional impact.Frequent mental disorders, depression and nervous tension.Therefore, only the love and affection can make such a child.

child with Down syndrome may be born of a completely healthy family with a perfect genetic code.The main factor influencing the mutation of genes - a woman's age.

Age man has no influence on the birth of a child with Down syndrome.Doctors attribute this to the fact that the egg is formed by a woman from her birth, that is in its infancy.Therefore, throughout life, the egg accumulates disease and the effects of negative factors in a woman's life.It influences everything from the environment, ending with an illness.

How does Down syndrome in a child?

especially children, you'll notice some unusual behavior.It can be both physical imperfections and inadequate response to what is happening.Almost always in children with Down syndrome are observed heart disease, renal, gastrointestinal, and central nervous system and brain.

25% of children born with Down syndrome die in their first year of diseases that are incompatible with life.

From that, what form will flow dementia - in the light or heavy, it depends on how such a child brought up.If from the first days of life the baby needs to be developed, not only mentally, but also physically.Special methods of helping children adapt to society, and even to get an education.The correct approach in education helps children to communicate with their peers, to gain knowledge and learn.Special children can easily learn the simple profession and even work.

People with Down syndrome on average live to 50 years.At the same time, they can find a mate and give birth to a perfectly healthy children.

Screening to identify the child with Down syndrome

understand and accept the child with Down syndrome is a woman during pregnancy.This is done with the help of ultrasound, blood tests and screening.A special computer program can calculate your child's genetic code and indicate the likelihood of the risk of birth special kid.

With screening can identify the embryo with Down syndrome in the first weeks of pregnancy.

Women who are registered at the antenatal clinic, to classify medically to those included in the high risk zone and accordingly - downward.However, it should be said that the screening program may be mistaken.Many times there have been cases that women belonging to the high risk area, gave birth to completely healthy child.

What is considered high risk?

If the risk exceeds the mark of 1: 380, it is considered high.In this case, a pregnant directed to further study of amniotic fluid.If the result of this analysis, the doctor can make a conclusion and make a diagnosis.

If the risk is lower than 380, it is likely that a woman will give birth to a physically and mentally healthy child.

screening includes a blood test and Ultrawave researches fetus.Biochemical analysis of blood can show how a protein changes in a woman's blood for a few weeks of pregnancy.It was established that the level of protein in the blood of a pregnant woman has a direct impact on fetal development indicators.

will also need to donate blood for determination of genetic mutations and abnormalities in the fetus.Because it contains a small amount of the child's DNA, it is already at an early stage can determine the pairing and the number of chromosomes in the mother's blood.The accuracy of such an analysis is 99%.

fetal ultrasound performed at 11-13 weeks of pregnancy and it is done to a child for collar zone.The relationship between the diameter of the fluid in the area and the risk of genetic abnormalities in the fetus.The more liquid is detected, the greater the likelihood that the child will have Down syndrome.

Even at 10 weeks of pregnancy can be with a probability of 80% to establish a genetic mutation of the fetus.To confirm or refute the diagnosis is possible with a triple analysis of blood proteins expectant mother.And as a 100% confirmation of Down syndrome pregnant prescribe ultrasound and chromosome analysis of blood.

The sooner pregnant become registered in the antenatal clinic and has passed all the above tests, the greater the likelihood that the light will be a healthy baby.