We came to the surgery, the most mysterious for some fans of roses and most necessary for a full and long life rose.Begins immediately confusing abundance of terms (and unequal): forming, basic, seasonal, summer, autumn crop, besides - strong, weak, light, short, fair, etc. And if you add that different roses (not only the group but also.some varieties) when trimming require more and different approaches, the beginners often get in the position of the incomprehensibility of this process and begin to mechanically follow any advice.This is a bad and even harmful position.
For example, if the general question of how to cut a rose floribunda, you get an answer that faded inflorescences should be cut off, and will be followed in all cases, only this advice, then soon rose cease to please you, and do not rule out that you can even itlose.Although this advice is correct, but it concerns only the summer, so we adjust cutting flowering.If you fall you do not trim the nevyzrevshie of the shoots, they will transfe
While we, in fact, complied with only their own interests (to speed up the re-bloom in the summer and keep the rose during the winter), but does not take into account the interests of the plant.The plant also tends to live, reproduce, and slow down the aging process.Help him only pruning aimed at a constant rejuvenation of the bush, it is held annually in the spring, with the start of the new year of vegetation (although there are exceptions, but they are rare for modern roses).This - the main crop, as a result of which the plant gets rid of all the old, the sick, the weak, unproductive and gaining momentum for the development of young and strong shoots, achieve attractive crown, the maximum decorative foliage, beauty of flowers and abundant flowering.This crop supports a long life and the health of your roses.
How to perform pruning roses?
Before pruning roses, appreciate the health and age of all shoots.Start by cleaning all the sick and the weak (damaged by frost or disease, broken due prigibaniya, thin and dry twigs, dried up hemp from past scrap, etc.).Damaged shoots cut is necessary to light the wood (white or slightly greenish at the cut).Remove some of the shoots, directed toward the center of the bush, they can hinder ventilation and provoke the development of fungal diseases.Then cut all the remaining shoots to the top of the kidneys overwintered.The entire scope of work can be considered a sanitary pruning, and your bush will not therefore suspended.
Next you need to remove unproductive old shoots.Often the difficulty begins here - a runaway considered old?In most cases, modern roses of three escapes can already be considered old and a four - very old.If there are a lot of shoots, then you make a rapid aging of the conditions of his roses, sometimes through ignorance and sometimes deliberately.One can often hear that people do not cut your roses, because "it is a pity to cut, they bloomed so well."Such a strange pity you hurt Rose, restoration (rejuvenation) of the bush takes more than one year.
As after sanitary pruning to select "candidates" for removal?
If you are observant, you'll notice how quickly reduce the flowering shoots of the year and did not give the decorative shrub in general.Common external signs of shoots can be distinguished in comparison with young shoots that will not complicate reveal even a novice.Old shoots in the base (bottom) is always thicker and highly lignified, and along its entire length have a lot of side branches.Cora shoots already lost shades of green, and on the whole they look externally dried up.Most likely, and blood vessels inside the lost elasticity or clogged with salts, so will not be able to fully provided with water and power the entire escape.In addition, make sure the power transport (and its many changes in direction) and you will realize that the goal of life (grow - bloom - let the seeds) with plant shoots are no longer binding.And you do not tie their decorative planting these shoots and remove them in time.
We saved all rose from the patient, the old and unproductive, and a further phase of pruning already and will communicate with their interests.We want to make it longer bloomed, had large flowers (or to be more of them), so that it blooms early, we had the right height and shape of the crown, and so forth. Pruning will form tog appearance of plants that you want.This stage is associated with pruning shortening the remaining canes.
Strong (short) pruning roses
Strong (short) crop suggests that escape is shortened to a length that it remains 3-4 buds.Moderate pruning (sometimes referred to as medium) is conducted at the level of 5-7 buds from the base of the shoot, and weak (light, long) - at the level of 8-12 buds.These are general guidelines for you.You can add that to the hybrid tea roses most often use the short or moderate pruning.When pruning roses floribunda is better to use a combination of strong and medium scrap, then they bloom early and blossoms looks continuous.Most modern shrabov most decorative when light pruning, I need to remember about aging shoots and periodically cut the most unproductive.More detailed recommendations are often only confuses newcomers, it is impossible to give universal advice in such a variety of modern roses.I urge to watch roses throughout the season, and once in the spring, you no doubt will remove all unnecessary and confidently spend pruning each bush.
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