excellent smell lilies of the valley, lilac, But other of them happen migraine.Undoubtedly, good fragrant chrysanthemum: These spicy smell of autumn melancholy threads Yet, generally recognized as the fragrance of roses has no equal!
smell perceived by our sense of smell - is the final touch of excellence roses.Each lover is sure roses are associated not only with beautiful flowers perfect form, but with some beloved and recognizable scents, the collection of which is stored in the memory.Modern psychologists say that no two people have the same perception of flavor, this is - the essence of our genes, and these differences are explained in the description of fragrances by different people.But whether all smell the roses?
Many scholars of the last century came to a surprising conclusion for us - the majority of garden roses that period did not have a smell.US leading scientist, Lammerts in the process of research has found that even the majority of old roses, contrary to popular belief, does not smel
What are the features of roses smell?
James Tembl investigated 3,900 varieties for flavor and came to the conclusion that 25% of the roses do not smell, and only 20% of the varieties have a noticeable odor.Perhaps it was just a period in the history rozovodstva when breeders, carried away by the color and shape of a flower, did not pay attention to the flavor.Well-known American breeder Luther Burbank, who has brought, by definition, Timiryazev, selection of art crop "to the literal creation of entirely new forms of vegetation", among the designated criteria for assessing the quality of roses scent of roses does not mention even a hint.Each researcher - the son of his time, and also forced their creative impulses researcher constrain the scope of social need and importance.
hybridizer his numerous experiments have shown that for the fragrance meets the recessive gene that can not express themselves through cross-breeding.Fragrance has always been regarded as a kind of reward for their efforts, but it turned out to be virtually immune to the property selection.One remarkable case, which occurred with a specialist, who dedicated the cause of flowers breeding about 40 years.He was engaged in selection of sweet peas, bringing the variety of larger and very successful.During the demonstration of the variety he was surprised when his attention was drawn to the fact that a great new product is completely devoid of flavor.
Some experts have noted that in recent years this problem has been partially solved, but without narrowing the color range.Scientists have even installed some correlation between color and swing roses, flavor intensity dependence on weather conditions, temperature, soil quality and other features.
Do all modern roses smell?
Henri Delbar considers that "... except in rare cases, the answer is yes.
What is the source of odors, which captures our sense of smell?This volatile substances essential oils secreted by tiny glands na upper side lobe.aromas studied Chemistry, know the basic natural flavors that are typical of roses, they found (from the literature) about 25. The collection Delbard I counted 52 flavors that mark in his rose breeders.I did not expect to meet the roses are a number of flavors (dill, leather, moss, watermelon, mushrooms).
smell the roses - a different combination of natural flavors.Company Delbard smell roses pays great attention to the breeding program attracts professional perfumers.Monica Silinger, a descendant of a wealthy bourgeois family of perfumers of Grasse, the cradle of perfume, worked a lot on the olfactory analysis roses.This woman, by definition Henri Delbara, a professional "nose" and a great instructor, he learned a lot, and he developed his method of mapping the structure of the odor of roses.Olfactory way it is in the form of rose fragrance pyramid, which in the selection of roses in the catalog is a good tip for the formation of a collection or rare favorite scents.
most fickle (fleeting) scents that smell perceives in the first place belongs to the family of citrus and aromatic, they constitute the top of the pyramid, which Henri Delbar very poetically calls "the mind of flavor."In their place come the less volatile aromas (flowers, fruits, spices and plants) that make up the "fragrance personality".The most severe and persistent aromas (balsamic and forest) as the "trace fragrance" make up the base of the pyramid.
Henri Delbar considers that the perception of smell requires calmness and concentration since "first breath", and then began working memory.He advises: "Feel the fragrance of a rose in the morning, when the sun's rays warm the petals, and the air is still slightly damp.Avoid too cool periods (when the temperature is below 22 ° C) or heatwaves.It is best to smell the rose in June and July.As in the case of wines, the first breathing allows you to select the most easily evaporating, genuine tone flavor.A second inhalation can reveal more durable and deeper tone. "
Not all rose lovers have "sensitive noses", and the ability to perceive the odor is subjective, though perhaps the sharpness of smell raised workout.Watch your roses smelling like the advice of professionals, compare the odors and their intensity, choose the most fragrant rose in the collection.This is also a problem: how to compare the different aromas of rose and chosen "ones are most fragrant?Even the two varieties?And if out of 100 different shades, nuances and feet?What to take as a criterion (benchmark) the flavor and the measure?
In describing the varieties in general can operate features, which have a quantitative assessment, for example, the amount of open flower, the number of petals, bush height.Other morphological characteristics (shape of buds, flowers, petals, and even spikes) can be estimated according to some classifications adopted schematic test.Since quantitative parameter when comparing no odor, it is only possible quality expert evaluation of different varieties of smell and its intensity in equal conditions.Each of us who are growing roses in the garden, is an expert and ranks the species in the collection of their own criteria.
International experts estimate the merits of roses, including the smell test in pink gardens created in many countries.Contestants submitted without a name, under the control rooms.At the test sites were grown at just go away, and then a special commission with the participation of renowned experts evaluate all applicants.According to the results of the competition announced a list of ranks and awards.The most prestigious in Europe are considered gardens: France (Bagatelle, Lyon, Orleans), Germany (Baden-Baden, Mainz, Frankfurt am Main), the Netherlands and Italy.With varying intervals separate category for flavor in most test gardens began to be awarded since the early 60-ies of XX century, although there are more long-standing tradition.Charters gardens and testing regulations are determined by the names of the nominations (medals, cups, prizes), in the UK the highest award for the fragrance is Edland medal.Often the winners in the nominations for the awards marked the smell at the same time and for the dignity of others, although there are cultivars, conquered experts only flavor.
What sort of modern collection Delbard international experts recognized fragrant and worthy of winning?Such varieties (which are still included in the company's catalogs) five: Doressence (1984), Souvenr de Marcel Proust (1993), Dune (1993), Chartreuse de Parme (1996) and Nahema (1998).
Amazing flavor worthy of the Syndicate of haute couture, fascinating varieties Doressence fans and recalls the eponymous perfume masterpiece from "Dior", which the authors themselves described as sensual, exciting, eye-catching.The bouquet of aromas Doressence no unstable tones, it consists of less volatile (geranium, bergamot) and heavy (moss, forest) components.Experts in many areas of the world had been conquered not only charming fragrance, but also a rare lilac - blue.Variety has seven awards, not many roses in the history of this memorable success.
Originators isolated flowers Souvenr de Marcel Proust so many flavors that every owner of this rose will be able to catch a familiar note in the complex bouquet of lemon balm, pear, apricot, cinnamon, sandalwood and cider.The smell is so strong as possible for the modern garden roses, originators consider it one of the strongest in the collection.In a climbing Dune large flowers roses with lovely yellow flowers marked a strong flavor, but does not reveal its components.Gustomahrovye rose Chartreuse de Parme is fascinating petals bizarre styling, coloring and novelty unique flavor (mandarin, lemon balm, hyacinth, lilac, mango, lychee).The combination of different shades of roses became the basis for Hespcrdes brand spirits.Perfume brand Guerlan (Nahema) offer "very pink" smell and flavor in honor of the climber named grandiflora rose Nahema, luxury flowers which have a strong floral aroma with dominant notes of rose.
Rosa Veteran (1976), which is not included in the company's catalogs today, but is still widespread and loved in Russia, has six awards for its fragrance in its history.
In the garden of fragrant rose varieties can not do without that originators have joined the collection Les Grands Parums (great flavors).
In Hybrid Tea Roses Grand Steele (1977), many other advantages, but the originators believe that none of the garden of fragrant roses without it will not be completed.The fragrance refreshing and strong, mainly pink, but felt raspberry, strawberry and apple.Today, it is a descendant of this beautiful rose, Gran Bettna Bernadotte (2008), gives a great flavor and demonstrates excellence classics huge (up to 20 cm) flowers.Another eternal beauty, Jardns de Vllandry (1995) fragrant aroma of roses and fruit.
Rose he Rouge et le Nor (1973) is stored and still choose not only velvety flowers, but also by smell (roses and vanilla).It fully corresponds to the name "red and black": little black buds are disclosed in the velvety red flowers beautiful form.Petals tight, do not fade in the sun and are often at the edges as though powdered with soot.Unpretentious and disease resistant rose with profuse and persistent flowering, which can be recommended, even for beginners.
Floral fruity fragrance and freshness flowing anise gives the most gentle rose Grand Nord (1974), a worthy heir to the legendary remontant roses rau Karl Druschk (Lambert, 1901).Cream bud with creamy-yellow center blooms, preserving freshness, to the flat (as chamomile) flower.A very rare form of hybrid tea roses.
Charming Rose Pastel Tendresse (1980) with numerous flowers classical form generously gives a nice rosy-floral scent.Among other advantages, we note an early and persistent flowering, ornamental foliage.It is suitable for use in planting broad range of pink, but it is especially good with white roses.
Grade Mtsouko (1971) annually join the ranks of its fans, this rose "shining" core, surrounded by graceful petals.By the combination of colors reminiscent of the famed Madame A. Melland (Melland, 1945), better known in Russia as the Gloria Dei although the contrast stronger and gustomahrovye flower has a different shape.Petals slightly bending back to form gaps between multiple tiers, giving the flower a festive look.Its flavor combines original tones of violet, raspberry and herbs.
One of the company's new products, Rose des 4 vents (2005), with large flowers rich carmine color, meets the requirements of the series, which brings together the romantic image of roses, but originators wanted, apparently, to note the unusual fruit flavor and the smell of wood.This combination of scents inspired by all the winds of luxury orchards Malicorne (name of the variety in the Russian translation of "rose four winds").
Rosebuds for technical purposes are collected in May and June from sunrise to 10 am - it is that essential oils are dispersed later.After collection, they immediately distilled.
Rose petals are a good basis for aromatic compounds.In contrast to the method of production of essential oil, rose petals were collected for that purpose during a sunny day, the sun-dried and then stored in a sealed container.
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