If the garden is too small
Love of nature can manifest itself in different forms, one of which - the creation of garden, cottage and gardens.And in this case horticulture - has more of an art supported by a knowledge base.Work in your garden - it is work, and rest, and use.The most common site is divided into four zones (parts): Building and recreation area;orchard;flower beds;garden.And, perhaps, the greatest hopes in the garden and getting him high, stable yields even in a limited area.
How to plant everything at once in a small garden
Limitation of space under the kitchen garden can be attributed to several factors: a small area of the plot or the desire to get a small territory with a maximum yield of least effort.In fact, the motivation is different, but one goal - to find ways for a productive vegetable production in a small space with a minimum frequency of maintenance and a limited amount of time spent on the site.
So what's the main disadvantage of a limited space?This need for constant, permanent cultivation of plants, nearly intensive agriculture in a mini-version.Vegetable crops for crop formation require large amounts of nutrients, so the soil is depleted over time.In small areas, where there is a constant cultivation of vegetables in the same place, you need to carefully treat the soil fertility and to monitor closely to soil structure have time to recover.It is necessary to constantly worry about the methods of maintaining soil structure and fertility.You can do this in several ways: using plants (crop rotation, green manure) and with the help of farming.
Sevoborot small garden
Maintain annual stable yields makes the use of crop rotation, when the plants are in turn succeed each other year after year.As in any community, plants have "friends" and "enemies".So, a couple of "carrot - onion" plants help each other to scare away the onion and carrot flies.A celery cabbage protects against Belyanko butterfly.Good to sow dill cucumbers and basil to tomatoes.
often practice together planting vegetables on a ridge.This method saves the growing area is the prevention of pests and diseases, improves decorative vegetable ridges.The principle is: tall plants combined with undersized.For example, carrots, tomatoes in the middle, and at the other edge of the bow.Or tiered seating: on the one hand pepper, and on the other - the beans.Legumes generally good neighbors and predecessors for most crops because of its ability to accumulate around the roots of much needed nitrogen to plants.Although their growth depresses neighborhood with onion and garlic.
Potatoes consumed from the soil most of potassium, so it makes sense to make the ashes at planting and potato specialty fertilizer with potassium content of at least 17%.Complex precursors are cabbage and beets.They make a very large number of crop nutrients.After their cleaning help restore soil fertility sideratnye culture.
Green manure is reduced a little garden
This plant, or a mixture of various plants, specially planted to enrich the soil with nitrogen and organic matter and restore its natural structure.Traditional green manure: alfalfa, clover, lupins many years - we do not fit.They form clumps with strong roots, inseminated quickly and as a result they are difficult to eradicate, and incorporation into the soil at the earliest stages will not give the desired effect.Therefore, to garden in a limited area is better to use mustard, rapeseed, colza or cereals.Sow green manure should be dense and not pereraschivat, so you do not spend the extra effort.
Such plants can be left for winter, closing up the soil in the spring, but you can cut the roots in the fall and leave in the furrows.
Greenhouse on a small garden
If you plan to place the greenhouse, it is more convenient to buy directly from the polycarbonate tunnel.Typically, there are three ridges inside, and you can choose the length of their own.Of course, if you have a greenhouse, increasing the likelihood that it will be grown once all thermophilic mixed culture.In this regard, we would remind you that the Solanaceae and greenhouse cucumber varieties are different requirements for agricultural technology.This does not mean the absence of a crop, but will affect the profusion and duration of fruiting.
correct choice of plants for a small garden
The variety of vegetables is so great that it is rather difficult to choose the best set for your site.For convenience, I would subdivide all vegetables into three groups: long-term (for which you want to allocate a fixed place), with the long-term annual and annual vegetation with fast growing period plus green manure.
advantage perennial vegetable is their relative simplicity, stable yield, simple agricultural machinery, growing in one place for several years, shade tolerance, cold resistance, early maturity and duration of fruiting.These "friendly" vegetables include onions (Welsh, chive, chives), sorrel, rhubarb, horseradish, lovage, Jerusalem artichokes, spiny dogfish, cumin, tarragon (tarragon), hyssop, Scorzonera, etc. For long-term vegetable crops with more..complex cultural practices include artichoke and asparagus.
Perennial vegetables are not considered in the rotation, so they are often grown in certain areas.Although in modern gardening can find more unusual and successful methods for their accommodation.For example, onions are grown among perennials or as a border plant for beds and flower beds.Their inflorescences are decorative and attractive to butterflies and bees, foliage has a rich green color and sprawling courtines quite well fit into the composition with any spring, the onion or annuals.
For annual plants with a long growing season include the most familiar to us of vegetables: potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, cucumber, carrots, beets, zucchini, cabbage (cabbage, broccoli, kohlrabi, cauliflower), garlic, turnips, peas, beans,spinach, etc.Many of them through seedlings grown specifically for and extended earlier harvests.These plants belong to different botanical families, and therefore require differing agricultural techniques and have a specific set of pests and diseases.These factors should be considered when planning and crop rotation.
Annual vegetable with a fast growing period - also frequent visitors to the garden.These include most green crops: lettuce, dill, parsley, basil, as well as radishes, kale, winter onions and garlic, radish, etc.The advantage of these vegetables is a short period of growth, productivity and easily replaceable in the garden.To this group I would have reacted sideratnye culture.
They, of course, not vegetables but brings unquestionable benefits for soil fertility and future harvest.
usually in the winter or spring when buying seeds we are trying to decide on a set of vegetable crops that want to grow up on his site.And here the problems begin - what to choose and how to restrict?If you plan to grow your own seedlings, for example on the window sill, it is best to follow this logic: a bag of tomato seeds weighing 0.1 grams - about 25 -28 seeds (plants);Pepper seed packet weighing 0.1 grams - about 12-15 seeds (plants);eggplant seeds bag weighing 0.1 grams - about 22 - 25 seeds (plants).
It is easiest to determine the pumpkin (cucumber, pumpkin, squash, zucchini, squash, watermelon, cantaloupe).As a rule, even if the cucumbers grow through seedlings, planting dates are shifted to the second half of spring, when the main vegetable plan already clear.And the number of seeds per bag often just write in pieces.
Seed germination is not always 100%, so you should look at the shelf life and better to buy at least two classes instead of one.
Seedlings for a small garden
In my opinion, for small gardens rational to buy ready seedlings in the audited farms.Such plants are easy to select by class, because even if you are targeting in the varieties and hybrids - you will be offered a choice of different in ripening, color and shape of the fruit.Such plants closed root system, they have raspikirovat and doroscheny, they laid the necessary supply of nutrients for growth and yield potential.In appearance it can also be easy to determine whether the seedlings grown under favorable conditions, without oppression, and therefore - to choose healthy, strong specimens.Also, seeing quite a developed plant is easier to understand how much they need to fill in a greenhouse or film cover.
For similar reasons, I recommend to buy seed potato microtubers which are sold at exhibitions or in specialized stores.They are relatively expensive, but they initially laid high yield, which will be maintained for another five years.In addition, they are sold by the piece, it is possible to try to grow, even in a limited area several varieties, empirically choosing the best for your specific circumstances.True, such recommendations need only to those who will leave a part of tubers for seed rather than buying the planting material annually.For seasonally update varieties suitable superelite tubers, in which the potential yield founded just a year.
Experiment with pleasure and garden certainly will thank you harvest.