Destructive pneumonia - a lung disease in which their tissues are formed abscesses and bullae, intruding into the cavity of the pleura, resulting in pleural complications.First symptoms of destructive pneumonia were caused solely by staphylococci and staphylococcal destruction called, but due to the fact that in recent staph infection has become increasingly combined with virus and other pathogenic flora, the term somewhat altered.However, staph continues to play a leading role in the etiology of pneumonia, destructive, and destructive changes in direction have remained the same.
Destructive pneumonia - symptoms, treatment
Symptoms destructive pneumonia
infected lung parenchyma through the bronchi or through the bloodstream.It formed abscesses and bullae that erupt in the lung cavity.Depending on the pathogenesis of necrotizing pneumonia may be primary or secondary.In the first case, it is usually a one-sided single with separate foci of inflammation, in the second - is a bilateral lesion with mu
clinical picture of destructive pneumonia depends on the etiology, pathogenesis and forms of the disease.Primary necrotizing pneumonia characterized by unilateral pulmonary changes that develop in one or, rarely - a few parts of the lung.If destruction is presented purulent foci, the patient's condition deteriorates significantly when the dry form foci - the Bull, this deterioration is less pronounced.
purulent processes at a destructive pneumonia accompanied by symptoms: a sharp rise in temperature, an increase in the number of white blood cells and intestinal paresis may develop in children.
During duplex secondary septic destruction patient develops heart failure.
Treatment of destructive pneumonia
X-ray analysis in the primary destructive pneumonia a few days after onset of the disease reveals a rounded cavity with fluid, surrounded by a large infiltrate or cavity of the same shape, but with thin walls and without a trace of fluid.
Secondary destructive pneumonia shows multiple cavities, which are located on both sides.
destructive pneumonia treatment is carried out in a complex and is aimed at the suppression of infection and activation of the immune system.Accordingly, in the treatment of destructive pneumonia antibiotic therapy is conducted with the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, immunozamestitelnaya therapy with the introduction of plasma and immunoglobulins, and also shows the thinning phlegm drugs and bronchodilators to improve the drainage function of bronchi.In addition, during the treatment of destructive pneumonia necessary to carry out detoxification procedure as well as to adjust the water-salt metabolism.
purulent pneumonia - symptoms, treatment, causes
Symptoms of purulent pneumonia
purulent pneumonia symptoms vary before and after the abscess will burst.Up to this point purulent inflammation in the lung and accumulates phlegm cause severe discomfort, which is accompanied by symptoms: general weakness, shortness of breath, sweating, dry cough, lack of appetite and a very high temperature.Can thicken phalanges - the so-called "drumsticks."
When purulent pneumonia in the blood have seen a sharp increase in the concentration of white blood cells, increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate.On the X-ray shadow is marked rounded shape.
Once the abscess bursts, stands a very large amount of phlegm - almost 1 liter.Once moved purulent sputum, purulent pneumonia symptoms dramatically alter its course.The general condition of the patient improved immediately.Easier breathing, there is an appetite and sound sleep, sweating disappears.Sputum with suppurative pneumonia continues to move away for a while, appropriately preserved and cough.While rapping at the place where localized cavity which was previously pus revealed a distinctive sound.
Once the cavity is completely empty, it is usually scarring.
Treatment of purulent pneumonia
As in primary and in secondary pneumonia, in some cases, the lung tissue is destroyed by inflammatory processes, thus there is a high probability of developing an abscess or several small abscesses, which leads to fibrosis and bronchiectasis.This group of diseases called "purulent pneumonia."
purulent pneumonia Treatment is directed at the general strengthening of the body through nutrition, and, moreover, carried out with the use of antibiotic therapy.Before the abscess will burst, for the treatment of antibiotics is administered intramuscularly, and then, after the contents of the abscess will be sucked away via a bronchoscope, endobronchial drugs administered.When antibiotic treatment can be combined with sulfonamides.
reasons purulent pneumonia
purulent pneumonia can arise as a result of the aspiration, as the inclusion of external foreign body seals the opening in the bronchial tubes, which leads to the fact that this part of the lung is the absence of air and in the resulting vacuum section may appear ulcer.
And finally, formation of pus in the lungs may develop due to the fact that through the circulatory system has been brought infection of any third-party focus, for example, of a purulent inflammation of the appendix.The remaining healthy lung tissue in this case is separated from connective tissue abscess.
Now you know how we treat purulent pneumonia, the symptoms and the causes.