community-acquired pneumonia - a disease that originated outside of the hospital or were diagnosed within the first two days after hospitalization.
symptoms of community-acquired pneumonia
This pneumonia, as well as all of pneumonia, accompanied by symptoms that indicate an infection of the lower respiratory tract - fever, cough, sputum, shortness of breath and pain behind the chest.When X-ray determined by the signs of fresh focal infiltration-change, with other diagnoses are excluded.
Types of community-acquired pneumonia
This pneumonia can be both typical and atypical.Although in practice the development of the disease can not fit into the classical picture of one embodiment, however, the classification may be essential for the correct diagnosis.
typical community-acquired pneumonia
Pneumonia is accompanied by symptoms: sudden fever, persistent cough with purulent sputum symptoms, pain on breathing.On examination the patient can detect wheezing in the chest.As well as a packed lung tissue,
atypical community-acquired pneumonia
Pneumonia develops gradually.Initially symptoms such community-acquired pneumonia: dry cough, changing the overall condition of the patient, there are headaches, nausea, possible - vomiting, diarrhea, general weakness painful.The changes on radiographs are not so obvious and have blurred the boundaries.SARS is caused by microorganisms of the genus Mycoplasma, Legionella and Chlamydia, and various viruses.Atypical community-acquired pneumonia is usually accompanied by extrapulmonary lesions in the area.When legionella frequently observed damage to the central nervous system - hallucinations, delusions, kidney failure, liver dysfunction.
Chlamydia lesions can cause pain and redness of the throat, hoarse voice and distinctive whistle when breathing.
SARS in patients with HIV infection may be associated with tuberculosis, candidiasis or herpes in the crotch area.
symptoms of community-acquired pneumonia is most often caused by an influenza virus, measles virus, respiratory syncytial virus, cytomegalovirus.
Quite often against a background of viral pneumonia and bacterial lesions occur.