As soon as the autumn colds come, the incidence of diseases of various SARS and ARI reaches its peak. If you do not pay attention to them and carry them on your feet, then their complication can be pneumonia. Symptoms of this disease at first may not alert, because it is so easily confused with bronchitis or the flu. However, this is only at first glance.
Treatment of pneumonia in the home
Treatment for adults with pneumonia depends on what type of inflammation is present in the patient - croup or focal. Focal inflammation of the lungs develops only in one small segment of the lung, while croupous inflammation seizes the whole lobe of the lung or most of it. A particularly severe case is when croupous pneumonia occurs in elderly patients.
Treatment of pneumonia in adults
If severe cases of pneumonia require immediate hospitalization, in the case of focal inflammation, patients in most cases are left to be treated at home on an outpatient basis. However, the treatment of pneumonia in adults and especially in children, even when the patient is at home, should be under continuous medical supervision.
Very important in the treatment of pneumonia in adults is the proper organization of care for the patient. Firstly, even with a severe pneumonia, the patient is prescribed a strict bed rest, not only during the active period of the disease, but also within two weeks after the crisis passes.
During an inflammation of the lungs, an adult patient experiences constant problems with breathing. Therefore, the best position for him in the bed is a semi-sitting. For this, several pillows are placed under the patient's back.
How to treat pneumonia in adults?
It is strictly forbidden to get out of bed to a sick person, therefore it is necessary to use a vessel. If a patient with pneumonia is experiencing severe headaches that can be accompanied by delirium during pneumonia, cold compresses should be applied for which ice can be used in the bladder.
It is also very important to monitor oral hygiene and clean it with a tampon of boric acid soaked in solution.
If a patient with pneumonia has problems with a stool, you need to use a cleansing enema.
All medications prescribed by a doctor for the treatment of pneumonia in adults should be given strictly in prescribed doses and at prescribed hours. Treatment of pneumonia in adults at home is usually done with antibiotics and sulfonamide drugs. If the drugs are administered parenterally, then usually they are introduced by the incoming nurse. But if the caretaker for a sick person or a nurse have a medical education, then it is completely permissible and independent introduction of drugs, the most important thing is that all the instructions of the attending physician are strictly observed.
It should be noted that sometimes parenteral administration of antibiotics in the treatment of pneumonia in adults can cause various allergic reactions in the body. This should be reported to the attending physician, usually with the replacement of the drug or at the end of the treatment all allergic symptoms pass.
Symptoms of inflammation of the lung
Yes, indeed the symptoms of pneumonia can be quite blurred. This is due to the fact that we are constantly taking some medications, including antibiotics, which have so firmly entered our life. In addition, the rhythm of modern life makes us almost do not pay attention to our own health, and even a slight cough or slight chills and no one seriously takes seriously. As a result, the inflammation of the lungs proceeds according to symptoms gradually, until finally puts the person in bed, and there is already close to the death.
That's why you need to know the main symptoms of pneumonia.
You must be alert to a slight increase in your temperature every night to the level of subfebrile. This is a symptom of pneumonia, when the temperature is in the range of 37 to 38 degrees. As a rule, in the mornings at home you get normal temperature, and by the evening it rises again. If you observe this phenomenon for about a week, you should consult your doctor. Subfebrile temperature can speak not only of pneumonia, but also of a number of other, no less dangerous diseases.
Croupous pneumonia can manifest itself by various symptoms: the manifestation of dyspnea, the feeling of lack of air, there is a heaviness in the chest. However, dyspnea manifests itself in the case of such diseases as bronchial asthma, obesity, emphysema, so in any case, when this symptom occurs, it is necessary to visit a doctor.
Cough at the onset of pneumonia is usually dry, unproductive or with a small sputum discharge. However, the disease can occur even without a cough symptom.
One of the most characteristic symptoms of pneumonia is pain in the side, from the side where the inflamed lung is.
If you have found these symptoms of pneumonia or some of them - be sure to inform your doctor.
Chronic inflammation of the lungs
Chronic pneumonia causes the lung tissue to develop irreversible changes, they form scarring, and bronchi deform. All this leads to the fact that the working surfaces of the respiratory organs are significantly reduced.
Chronic pneumonia usually affects the left lung, more precisely, is localized in its lower lobe, while the right lung affects it very rarely.
Chronic pneumonia - causes of
Chronic inflammation of the lungs occurs for various reasons. It is preceded by previous acute or significantly prolonged inflammatory processes in the lungs. It is possible that you had a blockage, and in one part of the lung, air ceased to flow, as a result of which it slept, that is, atelectasis developed.
Often, chronic pneumonia occurs in a small child due to an improperly formed respiratory system or the inherent weakness of its immunity.
But in most cases, chronic inflammation of the lungs occurs if acute inflammation is not treated on time or treated in an inadequate manner, which is why doctors constantly warn that in the case of such an insidious disease, in no case is any self-medication permissible.
Chronic pneumonia - symptoms
What are the symptoms that indicate that the patient develops chronic inflammation of the lungs? I must say that they are very diverse. It all depends on the area of what size was affected, as well as the intensity of the inflammatory process.
As with any chronic disease, the course of pneumonia is characterized by alternating periods of exacerbation and remission. As soon as a person undergoes another virus attack, for example, during an epidemic of flu, immediately there is an exacerbation of chronic inflammation of the lungs.
If a chronic inflammation of the lungs occurs in a child, it eventually leads to a slowdown in its development. Children with chronic inflammation of the lungs grow slower and slower gain weight, significantly behind their peers.
There are no significant violations of the general condition, however, such children quickly become tired, often feel weak and sick, and also suffer from a partial lack of appetite.
During the periods of remission of chronic inflammation of the lungs, the temperature of the patient remains within the normal range, and its increase is observed only when the process becomes aggravated.
The main symptom of the disease is a recurrent cough. It can be both wet and dry, morning or observed the whole day. During an exacerbation, coughing attacks increase, and the amount of sputum secreted by coughing increases. At the same time, it changes color and becomes greenish-yellow.
Usually, chronic inflammation of the lungs is detected by fluoroscopy or by computed tomography.
Bilateral pneumonia can arise as an independent disease, but can develop against a background of other diseases, usually - colds. Depending on this, primary and secondary inflammation is distinguished.
Bilateral pneumonia is the cause of
. Depending on which pathogen was caused by bilateral inflammation of the lungs, it is divided into bacterial, viral and atypical. Usually pathogens penetrate the lungs through the nasopharynx by inhalation, however, it also happens that the bacteria spread by the hematogenous way, as well as intrauterine infection of the fetus from the mother.
Bilateral pneumonia is provoked by causes such as immunodeficiency status, avitaminosis, cystic fibrosis, as well as various birth trauma. For example - asphyxiation.
Bilateral pneumonia - symptoms
Despite the fact that modern medicine uses many medications, bilateral pneumonia is still extremely dangerous and has a fairly high percentage of deaths. Especially dangerous is bilateral pneumonia, which causes severe respiratory and cardiovascular failure.
In principle, mortality from bilateral inflammation of the lungs could be lower if the first symptoms of the disease appeared, patients immediately turned to doctors. However, for this it is necessary to know these symptoms, which makes it possible to detect bilateral pneumonia already at the initial stage.
Usually, the first and main symptoms of bilateral inflammation of the lungs include the appearance of chills and high fever, which lasts for a long time and does not fall off. The temperature may be accompanied by a dry cough, however, coughing may not appear, especially at the initial stage. Another characteristic symptom is the appearance of rapid breathing. The patient breathes often, however, rather superficially. The thing is that it is deeply to him to sigh because of the third characteristic symptom - these are the pains in the chest. Bilateral pneumonia is accompanied by pains on both sides of the chest, which are often given back and in the area of the shoulder blades.
If you notice three of these symptoms in the patient, call for an ambulance immediately. Remember that you can not joke with pneumonia!
Croupous pneumonia is one of the most severe and complex forms of pneumonia. It occurs when the liquid part of the plasma penetrates into the lumens of the pulmonary vesicles-alveoli, which leads to the onset of pulmonary edema. This disease disrupts the normal operation of the lungs, in particular gas exchange, which occurs between air and blood and to restore it in the future is very difficult. Treatment usually takes quite a long time and requires a significant amount, antibacterial, antihistamine and decongestants.
Croupous pneumonia - symptoms
Acute croupous pneumonia begins with the fact that the patient has a severe chill, after which the temperature rises significantly. There are deaf pains in the chest, which are further intensified by an obsessive dry cough. The patient is thirsty, and the skin becomes dry and pale. Due to lack of breathing, the pulse rate increases sharply.
The decrease in heart rate and normalization of respiration, as well as the release of hot sweat, indicate that the course of the disease was reversed and recovery from croupous pneumonia began.
Croupous inflammation of the lungs has a negative effect on all body systems, but under especially severe impact is the cardiovascular system. Much depends on the tone in which the patient's vessels are. After a strong increase in the pulse with a small filling can lead to an uncontrollable drop in blood pressure and often it is vascular insufficiency that leads to the death of the patient.
Also a sudden drop in vascular tone may occur due to the fact that severe intoxication with croupous pneumonia affects the vasomotor center. This condition is called collapse and can be indicated by symptoms such as a sharp drop in body temperature, the patient becomes covered with a cold sweat, and may lose consciousness. The pulse becomes filiform, the breath is superficial, and the extremities noticeably grow colder.
Croupous pneumonia - treatment with
How to treat pneumonia? Croupous pneumonia can lead to severe disorders of the nervous system. Most often it manifests itself in the form of insomnia and headaches, however, if intoxication rises, then there may come phenomena called meningeal in croupous pneumonia. In this case, the headaches become almost unbearable, the nape becomes rigid, and the knee joints bend reflexively. If you do not take immediate action, then such symptoms will develop further - the patient has delirium, fingers constantly move, in the cerebrospinal fluid can detect pmnevmobatsill. This indicates the onset of pneumococcal meningitis.
All medical procedures for croupous pneumonia should be carried out not in the home, but in the hospital, with strict adherence to the regime and a special light diet. In some cases, a special post is established at the patient's bedside.