altitude sickness - a specific disease, it is not contagious.Mountain sickness usually manifests travelers, mountain lovers.Mountain sickness is treatable, but it is better to know how to prevent it.
Symptoms of altitude sickness
prevention of altitude sickness
How would you not want to ski, you should remain aware of the symptoms and signs of high-altitude pulmonary edema, a life-threatening at altitude sickness.If you have shortness of breath, feeling of tightness in the chest and cough, feeling weak and tired, you should immediately seek medical help, says Todd Shimelpfenig.There were times when skiers because of the rapidly developing pulmonary edema of altitude sickness without treatment died.As a rule, they are a lot riding on the first day and then feel bad, but nevertheless, the next day a lot riding again, and then they have appeared such symptoms as fatigue and shortness of breath caused by fluid accumulation in the lungs, andultimately failed to rescue them due to the lack of altitude
treatment of altitude sickness
treatment How to prevent altitude sickness?
suppose you, living constantly at sea level, head to the mountain camp skiing.In an effort not to lose a single day of vacation, you immediately go to the mountains, spend the day on the slopes, good dine in a nice restaurant, a little drink, stay at the dance until late at night and go to sleep with the thought of how you will still rideby ski.The next morning you wake up and feel symptoms similar to hangover - headache, loss of appetite and nausea, it is likely to get out of bed you do not want to not because of what you drank yesterday.You probably have started mountain sickness, says Dr. Shlim.According to one study, about 25% of those who get on a plane in one day from the sea level to a height of 2 to 3 km a day facing the mountain disease and its treatment.
"A good way to prevent symptoms of mountain sickness was to spend one night at a lower altitude, to a certain extent to adapt and avoid altitude sickness treatment" - recommends Shimelpfenig Todd, one of the leaders of the National School of Sports Tourism.But what if you do this there is neither the time nor the patience?It is necessary to drink plenty of fluids, avoid alcohol and to protect forces on his first day in the mountains.To avoid altitude sickness, it is recommended to drink 3-4 liters of water per day.
Will the acclimatization to the high mountains to avoid the need for treatment of altitude sickness? If you are traveling on mountain trails, experts give more tips on how to avoid the treatment of acute mountain sickness."Ascent reasonable to allow your body to adapt," - said Dr. Shlim.In other words, do not rush;do not try to reach the summit in one day.
While different people get used to the altitude at different rates, produced a general rule, at a height of more than 3 km of ascent should not take place faster than 300 meters per day, in order to avoid the treatment of altitude sickness.
Will the plan additional nights to avoid the need for treatment of altitude sickness? Yes, a few nights spent at an intermediate height, help the body to adapt.Start your trip in the mountains with, get some sleep for two or three nights at a height of less than 3 km.Then, with every rise in the 600 - 1000 m spend an extra night at the height reached.In other words, if you went on foot from 3000 m to 3300 m on Wednesday and with 3300 meters to 3600 meters on Thursday, you will need to spend the night from Thursday to Friday night and from Friday to Saturday in the camp at an altitude of about 3600 m, in order to avoid treatmentaltitude sickness.
Why carefully select group? "Over the past 10 years, 80% of all deaths from altitude sickness in Nepal took place in organized tourist groups," - says Dr. Shlim.
reasons for these deaths have been a high-altitude pulmonary edema with altitude sickness and high altitude cerebral edema, which is caused by leakage of fluid from blood vessels in the brain and lungs.Tourists walking in a group, sometimes hide their signs and symptoms of altitude sickness, trying to keep up with others, especially if the man allowed himself such a journey for the first time in my life.It also happens that an inexperienced team leader underestimates the importance of the observed symptoms of altitude sickness, especially since it also does not want to divide the group.If you join the group for an active vacation, make sure the manager knows what to do when the first manifestations of altitude sickness.You should also be sure that if you explicitly state of health deteriorates and you'll be left behind, in the group has the resources to identify people who would help you arrive safely back."In this situation, no longer have to think about how not to spoil your vacation," - explains Dr. Shlim.
Why is it important to be realistic and remember about altitude sickness? Exercise at high altitude promotes signs of altitude sickness and exacerbates the severity, although the ability to perform physical work in these conditions, different people have extremely variable.In some cases, especially when a person is not in the best physical shape, such factors as the heavy backpack, a steep rise, progress on snow, ice or unstable soils can provoke altitude sickness.To prevent it, it is very important to know yourself and your limits.
Medicines to treat altitude sickness
drug acetazolamide (diakarb) accelerates the process of adaptation to high-altitude conditions and helps in the treatment of altitude sickness.Although it should be possible to avoid medication, acetazolamide can be taken to treat altitude sickness without any fears.He, however, there are contraindications, which are manifested in the form of tingling in the hands, legs and sometimes the lips.People taking this medication, it was also noted increased urine output.Since acetazolamide is sulfa drugs, it is contraindicated for the treatment of altitude sickness for those who suffer from allergies to sulfonamides.
drug is recommended as a preventive treatment for people who in the past showed signs of altitude sickness.It will help if you need to make a forced rise to a great height, for example to go by plane to the city of Lhasa in Tibet, located at an altitude of 3.6 km.
"In all cases of severe altitude sickness, which I had to treat this rule was broken. Stay at the same altitude as caused symptoms disappear. Only when they completely pass away, consider that you are acclimatized and can continue to climb. If your conditionworsens while you are at the same height, you urgently need to go down regardless of the time of day ", - recommends Dr. Shlim.
And always will be reasonable to start the descent when the signs of altitude sickness.On the date as soon as you go down, improve your condition will go faster.At an altitude of over 2,500 meters, you must first follow, not whether you have a headache began.Other symptoms of altitude sickness, signaling the danger - weakness, loss of appetite and nausea, vomiting, turning into.
If you go along with someone who suddenly starts to look bad and unsteady, I believe that this person is exposed to considerable danger and he needs immediate assistance and qualified treatment of altitude sickness.And it is always important to remember that if someone of your friends complains of a headache and other symptoms of altitude sickness, stop climbing until then, until he gets better.