is generally recognized that the most common diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - chronic constipation.From chronic constipation, the treatment of which necessarily affects about 30% of the population.It is estimated that in healthy people accepted the food goes all the digestive cycle in about two days, on average - per day.When constipation during this period lasts longer.Practice has shown that the causes of chronic constipation can be varied.Therefore, treatment of constipation should start with a visit to the doctor.Doctor after the examination and identification of the causes of the disease may prescribe medication and make recommendations that will allow patients to feel healthy.
Treatment of chronic constipation
Chronic constipation is recommended to revise the lifestyle and food before treatment.To alleviate the situation of chronic constipation treatment should be done comprehensively.This useful hiking long walks, swimming, exercise.
Through the treatment of chronic constipation are e
morning, lying in bed, it is advisable to do massage the abdomen.The simplest thing - lying in a circular motion from the navel, gradually expanding, in a clockwise direction.
And be sure to include in the diet of foods rich in fiber - vegetable and fruit, wholemeal bread, etc.
Malnutrition and intense rhythm of modern life often leads to indigestion.In particular constipation.Many people mistakenly believe that it is enough to choose a good laxative, and treatment of chronic constipation will be successful.In fact it is not.Laxatives bring only a single relief, but do not relieve constipation forever.Continuous intake of laxatives for chronic constipation has the opposite effect - reducing the activity of the intestine that provokes strengthening of chronic constipation.Furthermore, over time, a laxative dose to obtain the desired effect must be increased.
Diet for chronic constipation
One of the proven ways to get rid of constipation is a special diet.The diet for chronic constipation is necessary to include foods rich in fiber, such as fruits, vegetables, bran or rye bread.It is necessary to drink plenty of fluids, is not in suhomyatku.A person suffering from chronic constipation, you need to limit the consumption of strong black tea, cocoa, milk thick porridge (semolina, rice), red wine.
When expressed pain and intestinal cramps to quickly get rid of constipation is recommended to eat more plums, plum puree, plum compote drinks or stewed prunes.The plums contain less dietary fiber, which can cause pain and gases than other foods that promote bowel emptying.
Nutrition in chronic constipation
Diet for chronic constipation should be as follows:
- included in the diet as much as possible products that stimulate the bowels, and, if possible to limit the use of products that slow peristalsis;
- Drink plenty of fluids (unless contraindicated);
- eat small meals 5 - 6 times a day, to prevent the big breaks between meals;
- regular menu include bran or bran bread;
- Drink mineral water, for example, Essentuki №4, Slavyanovskaya et al.
How to get rid of chronic constipation?
Include in your diet salad of radish, carrot puree on water and boiled apples, which have to eat with the skin for the treatment of constipation.
Cook compote of plums and drink it several times a day.
Cut the prunes along the bone and to soak in the water until it swells.Then simmer for 2 hours, changing water 3 times (need to add heat).Eat fasting 8 to 20 berries.
Soak fresh plums in cold water for 24 hours, pre-notched with a knife.Eat breakfast from 4 to 10 berries.
to combine business with pleasure, for the treatment of constipation cook the plums in a mixture of water and red wine.Add the cinnamon, lemon zest and sugar.This dessert will appeal to all and will help get rid of constipation.
Put a dozen dry figs in a large bowl, cover with warm water and leave overnight.In the morning on an empty stomach drink the juice and eat the figs - laxative effect is provided to you.
If possible, drink in the morning on an empty stomach a teaspoon of olive or castor oil (the latter should be used only in extreme cases, since it is a potent laxative, has a powerful effect on the intestinal mucosa, and it is dangerous to abuse).
evening make tinctures (to your taste) of the mallow mixture buckthorn and bindweed.
Steep for 3 days basil leaves beam in 1 liter of red wine, adding a 50 ml of olive oil.Drink a glass of this mixture 4 times a day at the beginning of each meal.This will help to get rid of chronic constipation.
And finally, do not forget to laugh at least 10 minutes a day, bearing in mind what we said above: laughter - the best medicine.
Causes of chronic constipation
reasons for which may appear chronic constipation can be many:
- anomalies of the colon structure;
- manifestation of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- presence of fecal stones, volvulus, infringement of hernia, hemorrhoids and other diseases;
- sedentary lifestyle causes chronic constipation;
- irregular supply;
- lack of water in the body;
- abundance refined, and fatty substances containing little fat leads to chronic constipation;
- presence of "fixing the stomach" foods in the diet, such as bread made from fine flour, chocolate, semolina, rice (especially dairy), and others;
- some pills to be taken by the patient, may lead to chronic constipation.
Chronic constipation - Prevention
In order to choose the best way to get rid of chronic constipation, you need to figure out the cause.The first thing to rule out the presence of mechanical obstacles to normal bowel movements, such as colon polyps, fecal stones and rubble, adhesions, hernias pinching or constriction of the lumen.
also need to check the presence of concomitant diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, such as colitis, ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, dysbiosis, anal fissure, haemorrhoids.Constipation can also be caused by a lot of stress, fatigue, endocrine disorders, vitamin deficiency.
If constipation caused by taking "fixing agents", then you need to stop taking them if possible, or replaced by another means.One of the most widely used drugs, provoking constipation, are oral contraceptives.Before taking any medication, you need to read the instructions and check whether the list of side effects of constipation.
important role in the development of chronic constipation plays a sedentary lifestyle.Therefore, when deciding how to get rid of chronic constipation, can not forget about physical exercise and outdoor activities.Especially useful for long walks, swimming, riding bikes not, exercise.
Constipation in older people - is the most common complaint.After 60 years, 30-60% of patients suffer from constipation.Keep in mind that constipation in the elderly, developing not only because of the lifestyle and nutrition, but also against various diseases
Chronic constipation in the elderly - Causes
- weakness - lack of fiber in the diet;
- Depression constipation;
- small amount of food, and eating disorders;
- Violation drinking regimen in the elderly;
- Based Welfare;
- In older women, menopause triggers constipation;
- progression of pre-existing conditions;
- Multiple Sclerosis;
- Laxatives for constipation;
- diseases in the elderly;
Among the main causes of constipation in the elderly may be called a reduction of blood flow in the pelvic area, thereby decreasing the sensitivity in the region of the anal sphincter, which in turn leads to a reduction of the normal intestinal wall and reducing urgency to defecate.Another cause of constipation in the elderly, is the reduction of physical activity, and eating disorders.
Regular constipation in the elderly, causing intoxication.Stopping for a long time in the intestine stool release substances such as skatole, indole, that the toxic effect.Moreover, in the gut in the elderly putrefactive bacteria start multiplying, accompanied by gas formation, bloating and leads to the high position of the diaphragm, in addition to breathing difficulties also displaces the heart and can cause heart pains.
Chronic constipation in the elderly - how to treat?
- treatment of constipation in the elderly and causes of the problem;
- Laxatives for constipation;
- Eliminating drugs contributing to constipation;
- Regular exercise;
- Gentle massage of the abdomen.
Feeding the elderly in the treatment of constipation must be saturated with gray groats (buckwheat), fiber (fruits, vegetables, bran), also in the diet should include dairy products.The amount of fluid you drink should be at least 1.5 hours, otherwise the fiber will perform the function and sorbents to absorb all the liquid is ingested, increasing constipation.Unfortunately, not all older people can maintain water balance, because of health or forgetfulness, so you must also control the amount of fiber consumed.
Important in the prevention and treatment of constipation in the elderly - to use as many methods, such as changing diet, do gymnastics.