dermal wrinkle fillers
Plastic treatment.Fillers skin wrinkles.Wrinkles are visible on the skin because they are lower or deeper than the surrounding skin.This shadow makes them visible.The deeper the wrinkle, the darker the shadow.The darker the shade, the more visible wrinkle.Therefore, it is desirable to reduce the depth of wrinkles.Furthermore, if the wrinkle raised to the level of the surrounding skin area, it will be less noticeable because the shadow disappears.This can be done either by lifting the wrinkle or lowering surrounding skin.Chemical peels, dermabrasion, laser treatment - all these attempts to lower the skin surrounding wrinkles.Fillers are trying to lift herself.
skin wrinkle fillers - are substances that are introduced into the base of wrinkles, reduce deepen and make it less noticeable.
Collagen Collagen - a protein matrix of the skin, which is sometimes called "meat".This
bovine collagen ( «Zyplast», «Zy-derm»);
patient's own collagen ( «Isolagen», «Autologen»);cadaverous collagen ( «Dermalogen», «Cosmoplast», «Cosmoderm»).
hyaluronic acid ( "Well 1a-form», «Restylane», «Captique», «Juvederm» and others);Calcium hydroxyapatite ( «Radie-sse»);
poly-L-lactic acid ( «Sculp-tra»).Fat
material can be obtained from cow hide, leather cadaver skin or your own: it is cleaned and sterilized and treated so that it becomes safe.Typically such implants as collagen persist longer if they are administered into the skin, which itself contains collagen, rather than subcutaneous fat.That is why collagen is more suitable for smoothing wrinkles, not to fill cavities: wrinkles are formed on the skin, and depression are often caused by lack of subcutaneous fat.
Bovine collagen is obtained from bovine hides, and in the past it was the basis for the preparation of collagen therapy.In bovine collagen injections have a number of disadvantages, such as: short-term (six to twelve weeks), allergic reactions that require testing prior to use, as well as the possibility of connective tissue disease.
patient's own collagen
«Autologen» is obtained from the patient's own skin, such as the one that was removed during a tummy tuck, face or chest.In commercial laboratory it is extracted and prepared for injection.A month later, the collagen return to your plastic surgeon, who can use it for injection or stored for five years.Actions «Autologen» preparation time of several months, and in some cases, even years.The average cost of production of its product - from 1200 to 2500 dollars for three doses.
Fillers skin wrinkles.«Isolagen» is a collagen-producing cells grown from a small sample of your skin.First, the plastic surgeon takes you behind the ear piece of skin about the size of an eraser and sent to a lab, which in a few weeks sends collagen producing cells.These cells - living, and they should be administered on the same day, as soon as they get to the surgeon, after which they begin to produce collagen.According to the manufacturer, the effect of the introduction of «Isolagen» of the drug can be maintained for several years, but in reality its validity can be very different for different patients.The cost of the drug ranges from $ 500 to $ 1,000 per injection.
Corpse collagen obtained from skin samples taken from the donor after the death ( «Dermalogen», «Cosmoplast», «Cosmoderm»).The drug is available in liquid form, is used for injection into the lips and wrinkles, and its duration is three to four months.Cost of drugs «Cosmoplast» and «Cosmoderm» is from 300 to $ 600 per injection, depending on the volume.
Synthetic fillers - this is one of the fastest growing areas of plastic surgery, and new drugs appear rather quickly.
Hyaluronic acid - a synthetic filler of wrinkles.Among the registered names of proprietary products - «Hylaform», «Restylane», «Captique», «Juvederm» and others.The drug is injected into the nasolabial folds, "folds puppets" or vertical lip folds, to reduce wrinkles.The cost of a single injection of 400 to 1,000 dollars, depending on the type and amount of acid hyalite-electrons.The results are stored from three to six months.
Another artificial filler.Validity of calcium hydroxyapatite ( «Radiesse») for about two years.This preparation has the consistency of toothpaste, and is therefore difficult to introduce into some areas so that it is evenly distributed.The most common calcium hydroxyapatite is used for smoothing nasolabial folds.Injection in thinner tissue is associated with risk of hillocks or extrusion.The cost of the injection of nasolabial folds is from 600 to 1200 dollars.
This synthetic material similar to absorbable suture material "Vicryl".Its brand name - «Sculptra», and the action is based on the inflammatory response.This material is more suited for filling of large volumes such as the nasolabial folds, sunken cheeks and no wrinkles.The cost of one treatment is approximately $ 1,200.The first three or four injections recommended to two months apart.After that, the result is stored for two to five years.
Fat injection can be obtained by liposuction.However, it is not always suitable for filling wrinkles.All depends on the tissue in which the oil is introduced - the injection of the most effective if it is administered in the fat layer.However wrinkles - a skin folds, and thus they can not be smooth.Conversely, introduction of the fat in the fat layer effectively eliminates cavities.
Stem cells from fat
all heard about embryonic stem cells, which can develop into any type of human cells.But publicly known that stem cells can be obtained from bone marrow, brain, liver, skin, fat and adult, and the number of cell types in which they may become limited.Fat stem cells can be obtained by liposuction, and they are able to transform into fat, bone and nerve cells.If they grow of fat, it can be administered in the area where there is a shortage in donor fat, for example into the cavities on the face.Researchers believe that this method will provide a better and more reliable results than conventional fat injection, although it is clearly above cost.With the expansion of the study, this technique will improve.