Plastic Surgery.Implants for the face.There are two classic signs, which can determine a chin implant: chin "button" and excessively massive chin.A clear sign cheek implants - a "puppet" cheeks.
Needless massive chin
massive chin - it is the omission of the skin as a result of detachment of the implant from the bone.The surgeon does not suggest such an outcome, but sometimes it happens, and the reason is not always possible to determine.Attempts to correct the defect by means of additional operations do not always lead to success.
unnaturally small or round chin can be formed in the case where the implant is too small or narrow.To avoid the defect, as well as to eliminate it is possible by means of a longer and wider implant, exciting side of the bone.
implants for the face.Doll cheek
As is the case with the chin implant is too small it causes the cheeks look unnatural, because it is not built i
patient's cheeks are like dolls cheeks, protruding perpendicularly zygomatic bone.This defect will help to avoid a wider implant, gradually turning into the underlying zygomatic bone.
implants Facial implants are made of different materials, which differ in texture, strength, density and appearance.Each material has its advantages and disadvantages, and each carries certain risks, including infection, asymmetry, displacement, erosion of bone and rejection.Most surgeons choose one or the other material, based on their experience.
silastic - a flexible material is white or transparent, which for decades used in the manufacture of cardiac pacemakers, artificial joints and other medical prostheses.It comes in all shapes and sizes and are relatively cheap.It is easy to install and remove.The risk of infection is low.For these reasons, for the augmentation of the chin and cheekbones often is used silastic.
But implants Silastic are not without drawbacks.They do not stick to the bones and can therefore be displaced relative to the initial position or cause bone erosion beneath them.Moreover, percutaneously palpated implant region.
implants for the face.Hydroxyapatite
This durable and lightweight ceramic material can be used in a multitude of small beads or one large unit.Hydroxyapatite has a porous structure like sea corals.This feature allows you to soft tissue, bone and blood vessels to grow into the implant.This prevents the germination of rejection, infection and bone erosion.Hydroxyapatite before installation can be given the desired shape to correct asymmetry existing.However, after implantation of the implant is difficult to remove or displace than silastic implant.
silastic - a flexible plastic, white or transparent.
Hydroxyapatite - a ceramic that resembles sea coral.
Polyethylene - a kind of plastic material with a structure as resembling sea corals.
Gorteks - a material used in the production of high-quality coats.Corpse implant - bone is taken from a deceased person.
Proplast - a soft plastic, similar to chewing gum.
Polyethylene Polyethylene - a polymer, releases a solid block.Like the hydroxyapatite, it is porous and as an implant material has the same advantages and disadvantages.
is a cross between cloth and rubber.It is soft, elastic and porous material that adheres well to the surrounding soft tissue implant.It is not attached to the bones and can therefore be displaced to cause infection and bone erosion.Its shape is easy to change the installation on site - but not after.The probability of rejection and infection is low, if the implant is located far enough away from the cut line.Otherwise, the possibility of infection and rejection, accompanied by serious problems.
similar to chewing gum.At one time he was the most popular material for facial transplants.However, a large number of complications led to the fact that proplast was withdrawn from the market.The edges of the graft proplasta curled, acting through the skin and mucous membrane of the mouth, causing the skin becomes red and painful irritation and infection-prone.
If you already have an implant of proplasta and you notice redness and pain, as soon as possible to turn to a plastic surgeon.
transplant graft - bone is taken from the donor's death soon after.After freeze-drying treatment and it can be used as an implant.This bone grows together with your own bone, and sometimes even replaced by it.This implant is durable and not prone to displacement, infections, erosions and rejection.The disadvantages are its high cost, hunching risk and the risk of infection from a deceased donor.Some cadaveric grafts were obtained illegally, without a permit.If you choose a corpse transplant, make sure your plastic surgeon is drawn into legal bank bone grafts.
Questions to the plastic surgeon
Can you correct the asymmetry of the face?
Where will the cuts be?Which implant material do you recommend and why?
Does the material erosion of the bone?
How easy is it to remove the implant if necessary?
Who pays for the removal of the implant?
recommendations and warnings
• Each implant has certain advantages.Surgeons will recommend the most appropriate, in their opinion, material.Make sure that you are aware of its shortcomings.
• agreeing to insert the implant, keep in mind that a second operation may be necessary.
ideal implant should be inexpensive, easy to install, modify and delete.It corrects the asymmetry is held firmly in place and is not detectable under the skin.It does not cause infection, not rejected and does not cause bone erosion.Unfortunately, there is not such a graft.Available implants are not perfect, but it provides a safe and aesthetic augmentation, causing minimum problems.