When did plastic surgery
When did plastic surgery
talk about when originated plastic surgery.Throughout the history of medicine, there is no period of time when the operation would not have practiced on physical reconstruction of the body.One of the first reports of plastic surgery come from ancient India.In the books of the encyclopedia «Aurvedy», which corresponded with the beginning of time, it was reported that members of caste koomas create long noses of the skin of the forehead or the thieves, which in this part of the body punishment was cut off.This method was developed more than 1000 years BC.e.J. Joseph led an accurate description of the operation: "The doctor took a leaf from a plant in size formed nose, apply it on the forehead or cheek and the largest cut sheet piece of leather so that it still hung on the leg, quickly freshened nose edge and adjusts to the woundand strengthened flap properly dressings, bottom strengthened it introduced two tubes directed them up and sprinkled (wound) sandal. "In Europe, about this operation in detail only learned in 1794 from the publication of the English doctors Thomas Caruso and James Trindelay in «Gentleman's Magazine» journal about what they had seen in India operations.
When did plastic surgery.Portrait of a cattle drover with traces of plastic surgery of the nose, described in the journal «Gentleman's Magazine» (1794)
rhinoplasty Detailed description found in the book Indian Susruta Samhita, written around 600 BC.e., where he described the nose recovery method using a flap of skin from her cheek.At the same time attempts were made to arrange the wings and nose holes.The author recommended his surgical instruments, which look exotic at the time Pasha.This method of recovery of the nose, known as an Indian, does not lose its value so far.However, it is known the message that in a Tibetan monastery were discovered books more ancient origin than the Indian «Aurvedy», which also describes the plastic nose of forehead skin.
Roman physician Autus Cornelius Celsus (I century u. E.) Became the first European who described the technique Closing nose defects, lips and ears of the local tissue, which, in principle, no different from the one that is reflected in the book Susruta Samhita.At the same time, in addition Celsus used the imposition of a geometric scheme to defect to better close it.They had written a treatise of 8 volumes, entitled «De Medicina», one of which is devoted to surgery.
In the IV century Byzantine physician Oribasius (325 - 403) in his medical encyclopedia «Synagogue Medicae» characterized the various plastic surgery procedures.The work was very important, as it is described in detail the imposition of unloading seams and some of the techniques of cosmetic surgery.
in Egypt in the time of the invention of papyrus (1600 BC. E.) Surgeons take care of the aesthetic aspect of their operations, so we can assume that the basis for intervention techniques described in these papyri, lay over the ancient knowledge that gives mothers morean earlier date for the data techniques - about 3000 years BC.e.The Egyptians are always very carefully sutured and treated wounds at the edges of the face.Furthermore, in Egypt and did nasal reconstruction operation, aligning it with the "two greased linen plugs".
In ancient China, also knew how to restore the shape of the nose, as evidenced by the relatively early recordings.Chinese doctor Ben Kay (V century BC. E.) Described how he treated ears and eyes of patients.At the same time, the development of this direction was restrained by Chinese tradition, forbidding dissection of the human body.Operations began to do well later in times of Tan dynasty (618 -.. 907 BC), as evidenced by found in northern China medical texts middle of the X century BC.e.They described the recovery operations, such as "hare-lip."
In 600 years BC.e.Paolus Aegineta proposed methodology Leche posttraumatic nose deformities.His works have appeared for the first time describes the basics flap surgery.In the writings of Avicenna or Ibn Sina (980 - 1037) and Ibn Roshdy (1126 - 1198) were presented at the operation excision of excess skin century, which led to an improvement in vision.Henry de Mondeville (1260 - 1320) in his book «Deuxieme Traite des Plaies» expressed interest in the treatment of skin wounds on his face from the point of view of aesthetic surgery to minimize the resulting scar.